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Effects of ascorbic acid, citric acid and silver nitrate on the growth of in vitro lily plantlets and reduction of browning

Ascorbic acid, citric acid 및 AgNO3가 나리 기내식물체 생장촉진 및 갈변화 감소에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2013.12.23
  • Accepted : 2013.12.26
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

Lily is an important cut-flower in Korea and world as well due to it's a variety of flower colors and various sizes of flowers. To develop elite lily cultivars, conventional breeding techniques have been used so far. However, an introduction of tissue culture system in mass propagation of bulbs and regeneration of shoots with a high efficiency is prerequisite at this moment. Especially, growth of bulbs and shoots as well as reduction of browning is critical factor to proliferate bulbs with shoots of superior lines or cultivar in lily. For this purpose, we tried to test whether ascorbic acid, citric acid and silver nitrate in medium to facilitate growth of bulbs and shoots as well as reduction of browning of bulb scales in lily. As a result, ascorbic acid and silver nitrate showed no significant differences compared to control plants in the growth of bulbs and shoots. When bulb scales were treated with $150mg{\cdot}l^{-1}$ of citric acid, formations of shoots and bulbs showed best result. While, bulb scale treated with $100mg{\cdot}l^{-1}$ of citric acid showed the growth of shoot and root as well as increasing of fresh weight compared to other treatments. Regarding the reduction of browning, $150mg{\cdot}l^{-1}$ of ascorbic acid showed the best result with the less than 2%. Although more experiments with several commercial varieties are needed in the future to establish mass propagation of bulbs of lily, results obtained in this study are supposed to provide the basic knowledge and contribution in tissue culture system of lily.

Keywords

Browning;Lily;Regeneration;Tissue culture;Transformation

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