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Growth Promotion and Induction of Systemic Resistance Against Phytophthora capsici on Red-pepper Plant by Treatment of Trichoderma harzianum MPA167

근권 Trichoderma harzianum MPA167 처리에 의한 생육촉진과 고추 역병균에 대한 고추의 유도저항성

Yang, Nuri;Lee, Sae Won;Kim, Heung Tae;Park, Kyungseok
양누리;이세원;김흥태;박경석

  • Received : 2013.11.22
  • Accepted : 2013.12.16
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

Trichoderma harzianum is one of rhizosphere fungus usually lives near the plant root regions in the soil. T. harzianum plays an important role in plant growth promotion and increases disease resistance against various plant pathogens on crops. In this study, the strain T. harzianum MPA167 was isolated from the barley rhizosphere soil in Suwon, Korea. Among 183 isolates, the strain T. harzianum MPA167 was selected as promising strain in which based on hyperparasitical activity against Phytophthora capsici and estimated disease control activity against P. capsici in the greenhouse conditions. The strain T. harzianum MPA167 was identified using 23s rDNA internal transcribed spacer(ITS) region sequences. MPA167 treatment ($1{\times}10^6$ spores/ml) showed greater disease suppression against Phytophthora blight of red-pepper caused by P. capsici in greenhouse compared with the water-treated control. Volatiles derived from T. harzianum MPA167 elicit growth promotion of tobacco and Arabidopsis seedlings in I-plate assay. In addition, T. harzianum MPA167 strain was also found to be effective for the growth promotion and induction of systemic resistance on red-papper plant. These results suggest that MPA167 might be used as one of the potential biocontrol agents.

Keywords

Trichoderna hazianum;Phytophthora capsici;volatile compound;disease suppression;induced systemic resistance (ISR)

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립농업과학원