A study on improving the interior design of ambulance

구급차 내부 디자인 개선에 관한 연구

  • Shin, Dong-Min (Department of Paramedic Science, Korea National University of Transportation) ;
  • Park, Si-Eun (Department of Health Science, Graduate School, Chosun University) ;
  • Park, Shin-Hye (Osan 119 Center, Gyeonggi-do Fire Service)
  • 신동민 (한국교통대학교 응급구조학과) ;
  • 박시은 (조선대학교 대학원 보건학과) ;
  • 박신혜 (경기도소방재난본부 오산소방서)
  • Received : 2013.09.26
  • Accepted : 2013.12.17
  • Published : 2013.12.31


Purpose: This research project addressed the need to designing more safe and efficient interior of the future ambulance in Korea. Methods: The study sample contained 760 paramedics in 4 districts. Data was collected by using a revised and complemented questionnaire based on literature review. Results: In relation to the efficacy and safety of work, answers related to storage closet showed to be the highest, and the most difficult part of paramedic work in an ambulance was lurching. CPR is the most frequently used emergency care inside an ambulance, but 66% of the paramedics responded that accurate CPR is not possible during vehicle transfer. Safety belts are not worn for 82.8% of the time, because of discomfort (51.3%). 13.8% of the paramedics responded that stretchers are unstable, 29.5% had an experience of having patients fall off the stretcher inside an ambulance. There were comments on installing equipments to prevent noise, and assist communication. Conclusion: The suggested practical layout contains five main modifications 1. Developing specially designed belt is needed for paramedic safety & efficient work. 2. The seats are molded to be ergonomically friendly. 3. Equipments to secure the body and safety devices for CPR are needed. 4. System improvement for communication between the driver seat and paramedics is needed. 5. The stretchers are molded to be maximize efficiency and minimize injury.


Ambulances;Interior design;Safety;Efficiency;Paramedics


Supported by : 한국교통대학교


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