DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Relationship between Perceived Participation in Decision Making and Turnover Intention among Early Childhood Teachers: The Mediating Effect of Organizational Commitment

보육교사가 지각한 의사결정 참여와 이직의도와의 관계: 조직몰입의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • 최인숙 (서울대학교 생활과학연구소)
  • Received : 2013.06.15
  • Accepted : 2013.10.17
  • Published : 2013.10.31

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between perceived participation in decision making and turnover intention among early childhood teachers and tested whether teachers' organizational commitment was a mediating factor. The subjects were 193 early childhood teachers working in day care centers in the Incheon and Gyeonggi-do areas. All valuables were measured by teacher questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using Manova and Path analysis. The main results of this study were as follows. Firstly, there was a significant difference in perceived participation in decision making, organizational commitment and turnover intention among teachers according to only the type of day care center. Secondly, teachers' participation in decision making was positively related to organizational commitment while both of them were negatively related to turnover intention. Finally, teachers' organizational commitment fully mediated the relationship of participation in decision making to turnover intention. These findings could provide supporting evidence for measures to improve a working environment for early childhood teachers.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

References

  1. 권혜진 (2008). 보육교사의 직무스트레스가 이직의도 및 전직의도에 미치는 영향과 개인적 성취감의 조절효과. 한국지역사회생활과학회지, 19(4), 597-609.
  2. 고태순, 김종석 (2010). 보육교사의 조직몰입과 직무만족에 관한 연구. 한국영유아보육학, 65,19-35.
  3. 민하영 (2010). 유아교육기관 교사의 정서노동과 조직몰입 : 집합주의 가치의 조절효과를 중심으로. 아동학회지, 31(5), 17-30.
  4. 박상희, 문수경, 이무영 (2006). 보육교사의 소진 결정요인에 관한 연구. 열린유아교육연구, 11(6),65-84.
  5. 보건복지부, 한국여성정책연구원 (2009). 2009 전국보육실태조사.
  6. 보건복지부 (2012). 2011년 보육통계.
  7. 배병렬 (2007). Amos 7 에 의한 구조방정식 모델링. 서울 : 도서출판 청람.
  8. 서은희, 이미숙 (2002). 유치원 교사의 직무만족, 조직헌신 및 이직의도에 관한 연구. 열린유아교육연구, 7(3), 155-170.
  9. 서영숙, 김재환 (2004). 유치원.어린이집 유형별 교직문화 특성탐구. 열린유아교육연구, 9(2),297-318.
  10. 서지영, 서영숙 (2002). 유치원교사 이직의도에 관한 연구. 유아교육연구, 22(4), 229-250.
  11. 손아랑 (2009). 민간보육시설의 근무환경이 보육교사의 이직의도 및 직무만족에 미치는 영향-소진의 매개효과 중심으로. 한국영유아보육학, 58, 81-101.
  12. 송미선 (2005). 보육교사의 인적배경 및 보육시설의 특성에 따른 교사의 직무스트레스에 관한 연구. 교육과학연구, 36(1), 143-159.
  13. 송유진 (1993). 유아교육기관의 조직풍토와 교사의 직무만족도에 관한 연구. 이화여자대학교 대학원 석사학위논문.
  14. 심숙영 (1999). 유아교사의 직무만족이 이직에 미치는 영향. 열린유아교육연구, 4(2), 159-171.
  15. 안선정, 이현철, 임지영 (2013). 다문화가정 청소년의 부모자녀갈등, 또래관계, 학교생활적응이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향: 자아존중감의 매개효과를 중심으로. 한국가정관리학회지, 31(2),77-91.
  16. 양경수 (2012). 원장의 지도성유형이 유아교사의 직무만족도에 미치는 영향: 조직풍토의 매개효과를 중심으로. 아동교육, 21(3), 255-266.
  17. 양연숙 (2012). 어린이집 전문성지원환경과 보육교사의 이직의도 및 전직의도의 관계에서 보육효능감의 매개효과. 한국보육지원학회지, 8(6), 241-256.
  18. 오경숙, 조진희 (2011). 보육교사의 조직몰입 및 조직충성행동과 업무만족과의 관계. 한국생활과학회지, 20(3), 505-519.
  19. 오희경, 이진성 (2012). 민간어린이집 업무환경이 보육교직원의 이직의도에 미치는 영향-조직효과성의 매개효과를 중심으로. 한국영유아보육학, 72, 205-229.
  20. 윤경준, 지경빈 (2011). 보육교사의 이직의도와 정책적 시사점 : 서울형어린이집의 구조적 특성과 근무환경을 중심으로. 한국정책과학학회보, 15(2), 171-197.
  21. 이광연 (2012). 보육교사의 직무만족이 이직의도에 미치는 영향. 한국영유아보육학, 71, 53-72.
  22. 이진화, 이승연 (2006). 보육교사가 지각한 의사결정 참여와 조직적,심리적 요인, 직무만족도, 이직의도 간의 관계. 유아교육학논집, 10(1), 229-250.
  23. 이진희, 김희진 (1999). 유치원 교사의 의사결정 참여와 조직 헌신성. 교육과학연구, 29, 197-214.
  24. 조성연, 최미숙 (2009). 법인보육시설과 민간보육시설 보육교사의 의사결정 참여도와 조직몰입 차이 분석. 한국영유아보육학, 56, 169-186.
  25. 최영식 (2010). 공공기관 직장보육시설 실내 공간 구성에 관한 연구. 청소년시설환경, 8(3), 89-99.
  26. 표갑수, 황영자 (2011). 중-소도시 보육교사의 직무스트레스가 이직의도에 미치는 영향. 한국영유아보육학, 66, 1-23.
  27. 한국교육심리학회 (2000). 교육심리학용어사전. 서울 : 학지사.
  28. Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1996). Affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization: An examination of construct validity. Journal of vocational behavior, 49, 252-276. https://doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1996.0043
  29. Bedeian, A. G., Kemery, E. R., & Pizzolatto, A. B. (1991). Career commitment and expected utility of present job as predictors of turnover intentions and turnover behavior. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 39, 331-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-8791(91)90042-K
  30. Blau, G. & Lunz, M. (1998). Testing the incremental effect of professional commitment on intent to leave one's profession beyond the effects of external, personal, and work-related variables. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 52, 260-269. https://doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1997.1601
  31. Chan, W., Lau, S., Nie, Y., Lim, S., & Hogan, D. (2008). Organizational and personal predictors of teacher commitment: The mediating role of teacher efficacy and identification with school. American Educational Research Journal, 45, 597-630. https://doi.org/10.3102/0002831208318259
  32. David, J. L. (1995). The who, what, and why of site-based management. Educational Leadership, 53, 4-9.
  33. Firestone, W. A., & Rosenblum, S. (1988). Building commitment in urban high schools. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 10(4), 285-299. https://doi.org/10.3102/01623737010004285
  34. Freund, A. (2005). Commitment and job satisfaction as predictors of turnover intentions among welfare workers. Administration in Social Work, 29, 5-17.
  35. Ghazvini, A. & Mullis, R. L. (2002). Center-based care for young children: Examining predictors of quality. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 163, 112-125. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221320209597972
  36. Griffin, G. A. (1995). Influences of shared decision making on school and classroom activity:Conversations with five teachers. The Elementary School Journal, 96, 29-45. https://doi.org/10.1086/461813
  37. Howes, C., & Hamilton, C. E. (1993). The changing experience of child care: Changes in teachers and in teacher?child relationships and children' social competence with peers. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 8, 15-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0885-2006(05)80096-1
  38. Hendrix W.H., Robbins T., Miller J. & Summers T.P. (1999). Effects of procedural and distributive justice on factors predictive of turnover. Journal Of Social Behavior And Personality, 13, 611-632.
  39. Hoy, W. K., Tarter, C. J., & Bliss, J. R. (1990). Organizational climate, school health, and effectiveness: A comparative analysis. Educational Administration Quarterly, 26(3), 260-279. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013161X90026003004
  40. Jorde-Bloom, P.(1988). Factors influencing overall job satisfaction and organizational commitment in early childhood work environments. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 3, 107-122. https://doi.org/10.1080/02568548809594933
  41. Jorde-Bloom, P. (1989a). Measuring work attitudes in the early childhood setting: Technical manual for the early childhood job satisfaction survey and early childhood work environment survey. Early Childhood Professional Development Project, National-Louis University.
  42. Jorde-Bloom, P. (1989b). Professional orientation: Individual and organizational perspectives. Child and Youth Care Quarterly, 8, 227-240.
  43. Louis, K. S., & Smith, B. (1991). Restructuring, teacher engagement and school culture:Perspectives on school reform and the improvement of teacher's work. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2(1), 34-52. https://doi.org/10.1080/0924345910020104
  44. Mobley, W., Griffeth, R., Hand, H., & Meglino, R. (1979). Review and conceptual analysis of the employee turnover process. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 493-522. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.86.3.493
  45. Mowday, R., Steers, R., & Porter, L. (1979). The measurement of organizational commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 14, 224-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-8791(79)90072-1
  46. Phillips, D., McCartney, K., & Starr, S. (1987). Child care quality and children' social development. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 23, 537-543. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.23.4.537
  47. San Antonio, D. M., & Gamage, D. T. (2007). PSALM for empowering educational stakeholders: Participatory school administration, leadership and management. International Journal of Educational Management, 21(3), 254-265.
  48. Somech, A. (2002). Explicating the complexity of participative management: An investigation of multiple dimensions. Educational Administration Quarterly, 38, 341-371. https://doi.org/10.1177/00161X02038003004
  49. Somech, A. (2010). Participative decision making in schools: A mediating-moderating analytical framework for understanding school and teacher outcomes. Educational Administration Quarterly, 46(2), 174-209. https://doi.org/10.1177/1094670510361745
  50. Somech, A., & Bogler, R. (2002). Antecedents and consequences of teacher organizational and professional commitment. Educational Administration Quarterly, 38(4), 555-577. https://doi.org/10.1177/001316102237672
  51. Tepper, B. J., & Taylor, E. C. (2003). Relationships among supervisors' and subordinates' procedural justice perceptions and organizational citizenship behaviors. Academy of Management Journal, 46(1), 97-105. https://doi.org/10.2307/30040679
  52. Whitebook, M., Howes, C., & Phillips, D. A. (1990). Who cares: Child care teachers and the quality of care in America. The National Child Care Staffing Study. Oakland, CA: Child Care Employee Project.

Cited by

  1. The Relationship between Job Stress and Turnover Intention of Child Care Teachers and the Moderating Role of Motivation for Child Care Work vol.33, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7466/JKHMA.2015.33.5.87