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Risk Factors for Recurrent Falls Among Community-dwelling Elderly in Rural Areas

농촌지역 재가노인의 낙상 재발 위험요인 분석

  • Jeon, Mi-Yang (College of Nursing, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Yang, Sun Hee (Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University)
  • 전미양 (경상대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 양선희 (중앙대학교 적십자간호대학)
  • Received : 2013.11.04
  • Accepted : 2013.12.05
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

This study examined the factors associated with recurrent falls among the community-dwelling elderly. The participants were 329 community-dwelling elderly. The data was collected from February 5, 2010 to February 14, 2010. Over the past 1 year, 14.3% of the 329 participants fall once, and 4.0% experienced recurrent falls. There was a significant difference among the non fallers, single faller and recurrent fallers with regard to the static balance(F=5.86, p=.003), dynamic balance(F=24.32, p<.001), risk of fall(F=9.94, p<.001) and compliance of prevention behavior related to falls(F=3.09, p=.047). The analysis results for the correlation between variables showed that the number of falls had a negative effect on the knee flexors muscular strength(r=-.15, p=.008), static balance(r=-.16, p=.004) and compliance of prevention behavior related to falls(r=-.12, p=.030) and a positive affect for the dynamic balance(r=.26, p<.001), depression(r=.13, p=.019) and risk of falls(r=.30, p<.001). The variables explained 36.0% of the variants in the occurrence of recurrent falls. Therefore, an effective recurrent fall prevention program should focus on multiple risk factor intervention.

Keywords

Elderly;Fall;Recurrent fall

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