A Study of Factors Influencing the Bone Mineral Density on Premenopausal Women: Using the 2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data

폐경 전 성인여성의 골밀도에 미치는 영향 요인: 2011년 국민건강영양조사 자료 이용

  • Chun, Young-Mi (Taegu Science University, Department of Nursing) ;
  • Lee, Sun-Hee (Kyungpook National University, College of Nursing)
  • 전영미 (대구과학대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 이선희 (경북대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2013.09.02
  • Accepted : 2013.12.05
  • Published : 2013.12.31


The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting the Bone Mineral Density (BMD) on Premenopausal Women. This study made use of the data from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-2, 2011). The results are as follows. The factors with an effect on the bone mineral density (BMD) were the body mass index, age, and walking exercise. These factors explain 11.7% of the variance in the BMD. In addition, the bone density of people in their 20s was lower than those in their 50s. Walking exercise for less than 3 days showed that the BMD had decreased significantly. In conclusion, to maintain a normal BMD on premenopausal women, it is important to avoid an excessive diet and recognize the correct body image. These results suggest that education programs including the appropriate diet and lifestyle should be developed for women in their 20's.


Bone Mineral Density (BMD);Premenopause


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