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The Effects of Backward Walking with Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation on Gait and Balance in Patients with Stroke

리듬청각자극을 이용한 후방 보행 훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 보행과 균형에 미치는 영향

  • Hyun, Dong-Su (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Yuseong Hangajok Rehabilitation Hospital) ;
  • Choi, Jong-Duk (Dept. of Physical Therapy, College of Natural Science, Daejeon University)
  • 현동수 (유성한가족병원 재활치료센터) ;
  • 최종덕 (대전대학교 자연과학대학 물리치료과)
  • Received : 2013.08.12
  • Accepted : 2013.12.05
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

This study examined the effects of backward walking with rhythmic auditory stimulation on the gait and balance of stroke patients. Twenty-one people were divided randomly into three groups; group I(n=7, forward walking), group II(n=7, backward walking), group III(n=7, backward walking by rhythmic auditory stimulation). Each group was trained for 30 minutes 5 times per week for 3 weeks, and was evaluated using a 10m walking test, time up and go test, functional reach test, stride length and step length asymmetry ratio. As a result, the pre- to post-test measures revealed a significant effect in each group on the gait speed, gait symmetry and balance(p<.05). The walking speed, gait symmetry and balance were higher in group II (p<.05) than in group I and it was the highest in group III(p<.05). The stride length was higher in group II and group III(p<.05) than in group I. In conclusion, for stroke patients, backward walking training with rhythmic auditory stimulation is effective on the gait speed, gait symmetry and balance.

Keywords

Backward walking;Balance;Gait;Rhythmic auditory stimulation;Stroke

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