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DOI QR Code

Antioxidant and Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activities of Red Snow Crab Chionoecetes japonicas Shell Hydrolysate by Enzymatic Hydrolysis

  • Received : 2013.09.04
  • Accepted : 2013.10.18
  • Published : 2013.12.30

Abstract

We investigated the antioxidant and angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities of red snow crab Chionoecetes japonicas shell (RSCS) hydrolysate by enzymatic hydrolysis and its molecular weight cut-off fractions. The RSCS hydrolysate was fractionated through two ultrafiltration membranes of 3 and 10 kDa cut-offs. Three fractions (<3 kDa, 3-10 kDa, and >10 kDa) were evaluated for total amino acid composition, antioxidant activities using 2'-azino-bis[3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid] ($ABTS^+$) radical scavenging and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activities and reducing power assays, and ACE inhibitory activity using Hou's method. Although all fractions showed activity, the <3 kDa fraction of RSCS hydrolysate exhibited the greatest $ABTS^+$ radical scavenging, SOD-like and ACE inhibitory activities. However, these fractions exhibited low reducing power. These results suggest that the low-molecular-weight enzymatic hydrolysate of RSCS could be used as a functional ingredient to control oxidative stress and ACE activity.

Keywords

Chionoecetes japonicas;Antioxidant activity;Ansiotensin I converting enzyme;Hydrolysate;Red snow crab shell

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