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Characteristics Communities Structure of Benthic Macroinvertebrates at Irrigation Ponds, within Paddy Field

논 생태계 내 둠벙의 저서성 대형무척추동물 군집구조 특성

  • Received : 2013.07.16
  • Accepted : 2013.10.26
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ecological functions of irrigation ponds were well known fact that important for biodiversity conservation in agricultural ecosystems. However, many irrigation ponds were destructed with changes of agricultural environment. The objective of this study is to appreciate the importance of ecological functions of irrigation pond. Furthermore, it presented to useful information for restorations of irrigation pond from analyses of correlations between benthic macroinvertebrate communities and locational factors of irrigation ponds. METHODS AND RESULTS: Benthic macroinvertebrate sampling was conducted from 2010 to 2012 at 15 study ponds. Comparisons of benthic macroinvertebrates diversity approached species richness and density, and statistical analyses were performed using independent t-test. A total of 131 species / 137,118 individuals of benthic macroinvertebrates were recorded during study period. Dominant taxa of benthic macroinvertebrates included Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Odonata. Generally, benthic macroinvertebrate diversity in mountain region and existing ponds were showed higher than open field and created ponds, respectively. DCA ordination showed that benthic macroinvertebrate community was most correlated with locational characteristics of irrigation pond, and it correlated with bank type and age of pond. CONCLUSION(S): In conclusions, in order to restore ecological irrigation pond, it is necessary to consider environmental factors such as locational characteristics and bank types.

Keywords

Agricultural biodiversity;Benthic macroinvertebrates;Irrigation pond;Paddy field ecosystem

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Acknowledgement

Grant : Research Program for Agricultural Science & Technology Development

Supported by : National Academy of Agricultural Science