Effects of Compost Application and Plastic Mulching on Soil Carbon Sequestration in Upland Soil

밭토양에서 퇴비시용과 비닐멀칭이 토양탄소 축적에 미치는 영향

  • Kang, Jum-Soon (Department of Horticultural Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Suh, Jeong-Min (Department of Bio-Environmental Energy, Pusan National University) ;
  • Shin, Hyun-Moo (Department of Environmental Engineering, Kyungsung University) ;
  • Cho, Jae-Hwan (Department of Agricultural Economics, Pusan National University) ;
  • Hong, Chang-Oh (Department of Life Science and Environmental Biochemistry, Pusan National University)
  • 강점순 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 서정민 (부산대학교 바이오환경에너지학과) ;
  • 신현무 (경성대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 조재환 (부산대학교 농업경제학과) ;
  • 홍창오 (부산대학교 생명환경화학과)
  • Received : 2013.09.15
  • Accepted : 2013.10.26
  • Published : 2013.12.31


BACKGROUND: In most studies, soil carbon sequestration has been evaluated simply with change of soil organic carbon content. So far, information regarding stability of soil organic carbon is limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was conducted to determine changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) content and stability of carbon in response to compost application rates and plastic mulching treatment during the hot pepper growing season. Under the pot experiment condition, compost was mixed with an arable soil at rates corresponding to 0, 10, 20, and 40 Mg/ha. To determine effects of plastic mulching on soil carbon sequestration, plastic mulching and no mulching treatments were set up in soils amended with the application rate of 20 Mg/ha. The SOC content did not significantly increase with application of compost and plastic mulching at harvest time. No significant changes in bulk density with compost application and plastic mulching was found. These might result from short duration of experiment. While hot water extractable organic carbon content significantly decreased with compost application and plastic mulching, humic substances increased. Belowground biomass of hot pepper was biggest at the recommended application rate (20 Mg/ha) of compost. CONCLUSION: From the above results, continuous application of compost at the recommended application rate could improve increase in SOC content and stability of carbon in long term aspect.


Grant : Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science & Technology Development

Supported by : Rural Development Administration


  1. Blake, G.R., Hartge, K.H., 1986. Bulk density, Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 1, pp. 363-376, Soil Sci. Soc. Am., Madison, WI, USA.
  2. Bremner, J.M., 1965. Inorganic forms of nitrogen, in: Black, C.A., et al. (Eds), Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2, Agron. Monogr. 9. ASA., Madison, WI, USA, pp. 1179-1237.
  3. Cambardella, C.A., Elliott, E.T., 1993a. Methods for physical separation and characterization of soil organic matter fractions, Geoderma 56, 449-457.
  4. Cambardella, C.A., Elliott, E.T., 1993b. Carbon and nitrogen distribution in aggregates from cultivated and native grassland soils, Soil Science Society of America Journal 57, 1071-1076.
  5. Dorodnikov, M., Blagodatskaya, E., Blagodatsky, S., Marhan, S., Fangmeier, A., Kuzyakov, Y., 2009. Stimulation of microbial extracellular enzyme activities by elevated $CO_2$ depends on aggregate size, Global Change Biology 15, 1603-1614.
  6. Elliott, E.T., 1986. Aggregate structure and carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in native and cultivated soils, Soil Science Society of America Journal 50, 627-633.
  7. Gajri, P.R., Arora, V.K., Chaudhary, M.R., 1994. Maize growth, response to deep tillage, straw mulching and farmyard manure in coarse textured soils of N.W. India. Soil Use and Management 10, 15-20.
  8. Glab, T., Kulig, B., 2008. Effect of mulch and tillage system on soil porosity under wheat (Triticum aestivum), Soil & Tillage Research 99, 169-178.
  9. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2007. Fourth Assessment Report (AR4).
  10. Janos, P., 2003. Separation methods in the chemistry of humic substances, Journal of Chromatography A 983, 1-18.
  11. Jastrow, J.D., 1996. Soil aggregate formation and the accrual of particulate and mineral associated organic matter, Soil Biology and Biochemistry 28, 656-676.
  12. Lal, R., Kimble, J.M., Follet, R., 1997. Land use and soil carbon pools in terrestrial ecosystems, in: Lal, R., Kimble, J.M., Follet, R. (Eds), Management of Carbon Sequestration in Soils, CRC Press, New York, USA.
  13. Lal, R., 2000. Erosion effects on agronomic productivity, in: Laflen, J.M., Tian, J., Huang., C.H. (Eds), Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, pp. 229-246.
  14. Lal, R., 2007. Carbon management in agricultural soils, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 12, 303-322.
  15. Lee, C.H., Jung, K.Y., Kang, S.S., Kim, M.S., Kim, Y.H., Kim, P.J., 2013. Effect of long-term fertilization on soil carbon and nitrogen pools in paddy soil, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 46, 216-222.
  16. Lee, D.K., Owens, V.N., Doolittle, J.J., 2007. Switchgrass and soil carbon sequestration response to ammonium nitrate, manure, and harvest frequency on conservation reserve program land, Agronomy Journal 99, 462-468.
  17. Mukherjee M., 2008. Compost can turn agricultural soils into a carbon sink, thus protecting against climate change, Special issue of Waste Management and Research
  18. Nieder, R., Benbi, D.K., 2008. Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment, p. 430, Springer, USA.
  19. Piccolo, A., 1996. Humus and soil conservation, in:Piccolo, A. (Ed), Humic Substances in Terrestrial Ecosystems, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 225-264.
  20. Piccolo, A., Spaccini, R., Haberhauer, G., Gerzabek, M.H., 1999. Increased sequestration of organic carbon in soil by hydrophobic protection, Naturwissenschaften 86, 496-499.
  21. Plante, A.F., Fernandez, J.M., Haddix, M.L., Steinweg, J.M., Conant R.T., 2011. Biological, chemical and thermal indices of soil organic matter stability in four grassland soils, Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 43, 1051-1058
  22. Puget, P., Chenu, C., Balesdent, J., 1995. Total and young organic matter distributions in aggregates of silty cultivated soils, European Journal of Soil Science 46, 449-459.
  23. Rasool, R., Kukal, S.S., Hira, G.S., 2008. Soil organic carbon and physical properties as affected by longterm application of FYM and inorganic fertilizers in maize-wheat system, Soil and Tillage Research 101, 31-36.
  24. Richter, D.D., Callaham, M.A., Powlson, D.S., Smith, P., 2007. Long-term soil experiments: keys to managing earth's rapidly changing ecosystems, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 71, 266-279.
  25. SAS Institute, 2006. SAS user's guide: statistics SAS institure, Cary, NC.
  26. Schlesinger, W.H., 2000. Carbon sequestration in soils:Some cautions amidst optimism, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 82, 121-127.
  27. Six, J., Elliott, E.T., Paustian, K., 1999. Aggregate and soil organic matter dynamics under conventional and no-tillage systems, Soil Science Society of America Journal 63, 1350-1358.
  28. Six, J., Paustian, K., Elliott, E.T., Combrick, C., 2000. Soil structure and organic matter. I. Distribution of aggregatesize classes and aggregate-associated carbon, Soil Science Society of America Journal 64, 681-689.
  29. Spaccini, R., Piccolo, A., Haberhauer, G., Gerzabek, M.H., 2000a. Transformation of organic matter from maize residues into labile and humic fractions of three European soils as revealed by 13C distribution and CPMAS-NMR spectra, Eur. J. Soil Sci. 51, 583-594.
  30. Spaccini, R., Conte, P., Zena, A., Piccolo, A., 2000b. Carbohydrates distribution in size-aggregates of three European soils under different climate, Fresen. Environ. Bull. 9, 468-476.
  31. Sparling, G., Vojvodic-Vukovic, M., Schipper, L.A., 1998. Hot-water- soluble C as a simple measure of labile soil organic matter: the relationship with microbial biomass C, Soil Biology & Biochemistry 30, 1469-1472.