DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

간척지 논 토양의 염 농도가 메탄 배출에 미치는 영향

Effect of Salt Concentration on Methane Emission in a Coastal Reclaimed Paddy Soil Condition: Pot Test

  • 임창현 (경상대학교 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 김상윤 (경상대학교 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 정승탁 (경상대학교 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 김건엽 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원) ;
  • 김필주 (경상대학교 응용생명과학부)
  • Lim, Chang-Hyun (Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kim, Sang-Yoon (Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Jeong, Seung-Tak (Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kim, Gun-Yeob (National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Pil-Joo (Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 투고 : 2013.09.05
  • 심사 : 2013.10.07
  • 발행 : 2013.12.31

초록

간척지 논 토양에서 염 농도에 따른 메탄 배출특성을 조사하기 위하여 포트 실험을 실시한 결과, 염 농도의 증가는 메탄 배출량 감소와 벼 생육 및 수량성 악화에 영향을 주는 것으로 조사되었다. 벼 재배기간 중 높은 EC와 pH로 인한 메탄생성균의 활성 감소와 벼 생육 악화에 따른 메탄 배출량 감소가 주요 원인으로 평가되었다. 토양의 EC와 pH는 총 메탄배출량과 고도의 부의 상관관계를 나타내었으며, 벼 생육(초장 및 분얼)과는 정의 상관관계를 나타내었다. 하지만 주로 높은 EC에 의한 메탄 저감효과는 벼의 생육 초기에 대부분 나타났으며, 생육 후기로 갈수록 염의 희석효과에 의하여 저감효과가 크게 감소되는 것으로 확인하였다. 본 연구의 결과를 통하여 간척지 논 토양의 염 농도가 메탄 배출량에 감소에 큰 영향을 줄 수 있는 것으로 평가되며, 간척지 논 토양에서 메탄 배출량 평가 또는 예측에 좋은 자료로 활용될 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

과제정보

연구 과제번호 : Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science & Technology Development

연구 과제 주관 기관 : Rural Development Administration

참고문헌

  1. Adhya, T.K., Rath, K., Rao, P.K., Das, S.N., Parida, K.M., Sethunathan, D.C., 1994. Methane emission from flooded rice fields under irrigated conditions, Biol. Fertil. Soils. 18, 245-248. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00647675
  2. Ali, M.A., Lee, C.H., Lee, Y.B., Kim, P.J., 2009. Silicate fertilization in no-tillage rice farming for mitigation of methane emission and increasing rice productivity, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 132, 16-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2009.02.014
  3. Ali, M.A., Oh, J.H., Kim, P.J., 2008. Evaluation of silicate iron slag amendment on reducing methane emission from flood water rice farming, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 128, 21-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2008.04.014
  4. Balttlet, K.B., Bartlett, D.S., Harriss R.C., Sebacher, D.I., 1987. Methane emissions along a salt marsh salinity gradient, Biogeochem. 4, 183-202. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02187365
  5. Blake, E.R., Rowland, F.S., 1988. Continuing worldwide increase in tropospheric methane, Science 239, 1129-1131. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.239.4844.1129
  6. Bodelier, L.E., Laanbroek, J., 2004. Nitrogen as a regulatory factor of methane oxidation in soils and sediments, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 47, 265-277. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-6496(03)00304-0
  7. Bouwman, A.F., 1991. Agronomic aspects of wetland rice cultivation and associated methane emissions, Biogeochem. 15, 65-88.
  8. Cicerone, R.J., Shetter, J.D., 1981 Sources of atmospheric methane: Measurements in rice paddies and a discussion, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 7203-7209. https://doi.org/10.1029/JC086iC08p07203
  9. Conrad, R., 2007. Microbial ecology of methanogens and methanotrophs, Adv. Agron. 96, 1-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(07)96005-8
  10. Garica, J.L., Patel B.K.C., Ollivier, B., 2000. Taxonomic, phylogenetic and ecological diversity of methanogenic archea, Anaerobe 6, 205-226. https://doi.org/10.1006/anae.2000.0345
  11. Hanna, J., Brian, A., J. Patrick, 2011.Salinity influence on methane emissions from tidal marches, Soc. Wet. Sci. 31, 831-842.
  12. Holzapfel-Pschorn, A., Conrad, R., Seiler, W., 1986. Effects of vegetation on the emission of methane from submerged paddy soil, Plant and Soil 92, 223-233. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02372636
  13. Holzapfel-Pschorn, A., Seiler, W., 1986. Methane emission during a cultivation period from an Italian rice paddy, J. Geophys. Res. 91, 11803-11814. https://doi.org/10.1029/JD091iD11p11803
  14. Hori, K., Inubushi, K., Matsumoto, S., Wada, H., 1990. Competition of acetic acid between methane formation and sulfate reduction in paddy soil, Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 61, 572-578.
  15. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)., 2007. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Bases. Summary for Policymakers.
  16. Jung, Y.S., Ryu, C.H., 2005. Soil problems and agricultural management of the reclaimed land, Korean Journal of Crop Science 60, 8-20.
  17. Kim, S.Y., Gutierrez, J., Kim, P.J., 2012. Considering winter cover crop selection as green manure to control methane emission during rice cultivation in paddy soil, Agr. Ecosyst. and Environ. 161, 130-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2012.07.026
  18. Kim, S.Y., Lee, C.H., Gutierrez, J., Kim, P.J., 2013. Contribution of winter cover crop amendments on global warming potential in rice paddy soil during cultivation, Plant and Soil. 366, 273-286. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-012-1403-4
  19. Koo, J.W., Choi, J.K., Son, J.G., 1998. Soil properties of reclaimed tide lands and tidelands of western sea coast in Korea, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer 31, 120-127.
  20. Lee, C.H., Park, K.D., Jung, K.Y., Ali, M.A., Lee, D., Gutierrez, J., Kim, P.J., 2010: Effect of Chinese milk vetch (Astragalus sinicus L.) as a green manure on rice productivity and methane emission in paddy soil, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 138, 343-347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2010.05.011
  21. Le Mer, J., Roger, P., 2001. Production, Oxidation, emission and consumption of methane by soils: A review, Eur. J. Soil Biol. 37, 25-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1164-5563(01)01067-6
  22. Lim, C.H., Kim, S.Y., Kim, P.J., 2011. Effect of gypsum application on reducing methane emission in a reclaimed coastal paddy soil, Korean. J. Environ. Agric. 30, 243-251. https://doi.org/10.5338/KJEA.2011.30.3.243
  23. Mariko, S., Harazono, Y., Owa, N., Nouchi, L., 1991. Methane in flooded soil water and the emission through rice plants to the atmosphere, Environ. Exp. Bot. 31, 343-350. https://doi.org/10.1016/0098-8472(91)90059-W
  24. Minami, K., Neue, H.U., 1994. Rice paddies as a methane source, Climatic change 27, 13-26. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01098470
  25. Patel, G.B., Roth, L.A., 1977. Effect of sodium chloride on growth and methane production of methanogens, Can. J. Microbiol. 23, 893-897. https://doi.org/10.1139/m77-131
  26. Ranjan, M., Animita, B., Ujjanini, S., Bijay, K.D., Alak, K.M., 2009. Role of Alternative Electron Acceptors (AEA) to control methane flux from waterlogged paddy fields: Case studies in the southern part of West Bengal, India, Int. J. Greenh. Gas Con. 3, 664-672. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2009.05.004
  27. Rodhe, H., 1990. Comparison of the contribution of various gases to the greenhouse effect, Science 248, 1217-1219. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.248.4960.1217
  28. Rolston, D.E., 1986. Gas flux, in: Klute A, (ed) Methods of soil analysis, part 1, 2nd ed., Soil Sci Soc America and American Soc Agron. USA, pp. 1103-1119.
  29. Rural Development Administration(RDA)., 1988. Methods of soil chemical analysis, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA, Suwon.
  30. Rural Development Administration(RDA)., 1999. Fertilization standard of crop plants, p. 148, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA, Suwon.
  31. SAS Institute., 1995. System for Windows Release 6.11. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
  32. Singh, S., Singh, J.S., Kashyap, A.K., 1999. Methane flux from irrigated rice fields in relation to crop growth and N-fertilization, Soil Biol. Biochem. 31, 1219-1228. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-0717(99)00027-9
  33. Singh, J.S., Pandey, V.C., Singh, D.P., Singh, R.P., 2010. Influence of pyrite and farmyard manure on population dynamics of soil methanotroph and rice yield in saline rain-fed paddy field, Agr. Ecosyst. and Environ. 139, 74-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2010.07.003
  34. Sposito, G., Mattigod, S.V., 1997. On the chemical foundation of the sodium adsorption ratio, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 41, 323-329.
  35. Takai, Y., 1961. Reduction and microbial metabolism in paddy soil (3) - in Japanese, Nogyo Gijutsu (Agricultural Technology). 16, 122-126.
  36. U.S. Salinity Laboratory Staff, 1954. Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils, USDA Handbook. 60, 160.
  37. Wang Z.P., Delaune R.D., Masscheleyn P.H., Patrick W.H., 1993. Soil redox and pH effects on methane production in a flooded rice soil, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 57, 382-385. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1993.03615995005700020016x
  38. Wassmann, R., Papen, H., Rennenberg, H., 1993. Methane emission from rice paddies and possible mitigation strategies, Chemosphere 26, 201-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-6535(93)90422-2
  39. Wassmann, R., Neue, H.U., Alberto, M.C.R., Lantin, R.S., Bueno, C., Llenaresas, D., Arah, J.R.M., Papen, H., Seiler, W., Rennenberg, H., 1996. Fluxes and pools of methane in wetland rice soils with varying organic inputs, Environ. Monit. Assess. 42, 163-173. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00394048
  40. Wassmann, R., Aulakh, M.S., 2000. The role of rice plants in regulating mechanisms of methane missions, Biol. Fert. Soils 31, 20-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s003740050619