Adsorption Characteristics of Lithium Ion by Zeolite Modified in K+, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and Al3+ Forms

양이온 K+, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Al3+ 형태로 개질한 제올라이트에 의한 리튬 이온의 흡착 특성

  • Park, Jeong-Min (Department of Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kam, Sang-Kyu (Department of Environmental Engineering, Jeju National University) ;
  • Lee, Min-Gyu (Department of Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University)
  • Received : 2013.05.09
  • Accepted : 2013.07.01
  • Published : 2013.12.31


The adsorption of lithium ion onto zeolite was investigated depending on contact time, initial concentration, cation forms, pH, and adsorption isotherms by employing batch adsorption experiment. The zeolite was converted into different forms such $K^+$, $Na^+$, $Mg^{2+}$, $Ca^{2+}$, and $Al^{3+}$. The zeolite had the higher adsorption capacity of lithium ion in $K^+$ form followed by $Na^+$, $Ca^{2+}$, $Mg^{2+}$, and $Al^{3+}$ forms, which was in accordance with their elctronegativities. The lithium ion adsorption was explained using the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich adsorption isotherms and kinetic models. Adsorption rate of lithium ion by zeolite modified in $K^+$ form was controlled by pseudo-second-order and particle diffusion kinetic models. The maximum adsorption capacity obtained from Langmuir isotherm was 17.0 mg/g for zeolite modified in $K^+$ form. The solution pH influenced significantly the lithium ions adsorption capacity and best results were obtained at pH 5-10.


  1. Boyd, G. E., Schubert, J., Adamson, A. W., 1947, The exchange adsorption of ions from aqueous solutions by organic zeolites. I. Ion-exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Sci., 69, 2818-2829.
  2. Bunus, F. T., Domocoş, V. C., Dumitrescu, P., 1978, Synergic extraction of uranium from phosphate solutions with di-(2 ethylhexyl) phosphotic acid and tri-n-octylphosphine oxide, J. Inorganic and Nuclear Chem., 40, 117-121.
  3. Chitrakar, R., Kanoh, H., Miyai, Y., Ooi, K., 2000, Recovery of lithium from seawater using manganese oxide adsorbent ($H_{1.6}Mn_{1.6}O_{4}$) derived from $Li_{1.6}Mn_{1.6}O_{4}$, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 40(9), 2054-2058.
  4. Daifullah, A. A. M., Yakout, S. M., Elreefy, S. A., 2007, Adsorption of fluoride in aqueous using $KMnO_{4-}$ modified activated carbon derived from steam pyrolysis of rice straw, J. Hazard. Mater., 147, 633-643.
  5. El-Kamash, A. M., Zaki, A. A., Abed El Geleel, M., 2005, Modeling batch kinetics and thermodynamics of zinc and cadmium ions removal from waste solutions using synthetic zeolite A, J. Hazard. Mater., B127, 211-220.
  6. Erdem, E., Karapinar, N., Donat, R., 2004, The removal of heavy metal cations by natural zeolites, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 280, 309-314.
  7. Foo, K. Y., Hameed, B. H., 2010, Insights into the modeling of adsorption isotherm systems, Chem. Eng. J., 156, 2-10.
  8. Gupta, V. K., Ali, I., 2001, Removal of DDD and DDE from wastewater using bagasse fly ash, a sugar industry waste, Wat. Res., 35, 33-40.
  9. Kam, S. K., Kim, D. S., Lee, M. G., 1999, Comparison of removal performances of divalent heavy metals by natural and pretreated zeolites (in Korean), J. Environ. Sci., 8(3), 399-409.
  10. Kam, S. K., Hong, J. Y., Hu, C. G., Lee, M. G., 2003, Adsorption characteristics of Cd(II) and Cu(II) by zeolites synthesized from hwangto (in Korean), J. Environ. Sci., 12, 817-824.
  11. Kam, S. K., Hyun, S. S., Lee, M. G., 2011, Adsorption of lead ion by zeolites synthesized from Jeju scoria (in Korean), J. Environ. Sci., 20, 1437-1445.
  12. Kaneko, S., Takahashi, W., 1990, Adsorption of lithium in sea water on alumina-magnesia mixed-oxide gels, Colloid Surf., 47, 69-79.
  13. Kocaoba, S., Orhan, Y., Akyuz, T., 2007, Kinetics and equilibrium studies of heavy metal ions removal by use of natural zeolite, Desalination, 214, 1-10.
  14. Lee, S. W., Kam, S. K., Lee, M. G., 2013, Adsorption characteristics of methylene blue and phenol from aqueous solution using coal-based activated carbon (in Korean), J. Environ. Sci., 22, in press.
  15. Lee, S. W., Na, Y. S., An, C. D., Lee, M. G., 2011, Adsorption characteristics of water vapor on zeolite (in Korean), J. Environ. Sci., 20, 667-672.
  16. Lee, M. G., Kam, S. K., Suh, K. H., 2012, Adsorption of non-degradable eosin Y by activated carbon (in Korean), J. Environ. Sci., 21, 623-631.
  17. Mustafa, S., Shah, K. H., Naeem, A., Ahmad, T., Waseem, M., 2010, Counter-ion effect on the kinetics of chromium (III) sorption by Amberlyst 15 in $H^{+}$, $Li^{+}$, $Na^{+}$, $Ca^{++}$, $Al^{+++}$ forms, Desalination, 264, 108-114.
  18. Naghash, A. R., Lee, J. Y., 2000, Preparation of spinel lithium manganese oxide by aqueous co-precipitation, J. Power Sources, 85, 284-293.
  19. Navarrete-Casas, R., Navarrete-Guijosa, A., Valenzuela- Calahorro, C., Lopez-Gonzalez, J. D., Garcia-Rodriguez, A., 2007, Study of lithium ion exchange by two synthetic zeolites: Kinetics and equilibrium, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 306, 345-353.
  20. Peric, J., Trgo, M., Medvidovic, N. V., 2004, Removal of zinc, copper and lead by natural zeolite a comparison of adsorption isotherms, Water Research, 38, 1893-1899.
  21. Sharma, Y. C., Weng, C. H., 2007, Removal of chromium (VI) from water and wastewater by using riverbed sand: Kinetic and equilibrium studies, J. Hazard. Mater, 142, 449-454.
  22. Sprynskyy, M., Buszewski, B., Terzyk, A. P., Namiesnik, J., 2006, Study of the selection mechanism of heavy metal ($Pb^{2+}$, $Cu^{2+}$, $Ni^{2+}$, and $Cd^{2+}$) adsorption on clinoptilolite, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 304, 21-28.
  23. Tashauoei, H. R., Attar, H. M., Amin, M. M., Kamali, M., Nikaeen, M., Dastjerdi, M. V., 2010, Removal of cadmium and humic acid from aqueous solutions using surface modified nanozeolite A, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., 7, 497-508.
  24. Ye, C., Yang, H., Lin, J., Zeng, H., Yu, F., 2011, Study on ion exchange property of removing $Mn^{2+}$ and $Fe^{2+}$ in groundwater by modified zeolite, Desalination Water Treat., 30, 114-121.

Cited by

  1. Preparation of PVC-LMO Beads Using Dimethyl Sulfoxide Solvent and Adsorption Characteristics of Lithium Ions vol.20, pp.2, 2014,
  2. Removal Characteristics of Sr(II) by Solid-Phase Extractant Prepared by Immobilizing Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) and Tri-butyl-phosphate (TBP) in Polysulfone vol.24, pp.3, 2015,
  3. Adsorption Characteristics of Lithium Ions from Aqueous Solution using a Novel Adsorbent SAN-LMO Beads vol.24, pp.5, 2015,
  4. Removal of Cs and Sr Ions by Absorbent Immobilized Zeolite with PVA vol.37, pp.8, 2015,
  5. Kinetics and Equilibrium Isotherm Studies for the Aqueous Lithium Recovery by Various Type Ion Exchange Resins vol.26, pp.9, 2016,