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Production of Biopolyols, Bioisocyanates and Biopolyurethanes from Renewable Biomass

바이오매스 자원을 활용한 바이오폴리올, 바이오이소시아네이트 및 바이오폴리우레탄 제조

  • Jo, Yoon Ju (Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Choi, Sung Hee (Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Lee, Eun Yeol (Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, Kyung Hee University)
  • 조윤주 (경희대학교 공과대학 화학공학과) ;
  • 최성희 (경희대학교 공과대학 화학공학과) ;
  • 이은열 (경희대학교 공과대학 화학공학과)
  • Received : 2013.07.14
  • Accepted : 2013.08.12
  • Published : 2013.12.10

Abstract

The shortage of fossil fuel and problem of greenhouse gas exhaustion drive the production of biopolymer in a environment-friendly manner. Polyurethane is a polymer formed by reacting an isocyanate (-NCO) with a polyol (-OH) to form urethane link (-NHCOO-). Polyurethane is one of the most widely used polymers in automobile, construction and chemical industries. Two monomers for the polymerization of polyurethane, polyols and isocyanates, can be produced from renewable biomass such as plant oil, cellulose, lignin and etc. Biopolyol production from plant oil has already been implemented in commercial-scale production. In this paper, recent progresses on bio-based approaches on the production of biopolyols, bio-isocyanates and bio-substituent or isocyanate from bio-feedstock are reviewed alongside polymerization and characterization of biopolyurethane for industrial applications.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 해양수산부

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