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Microbial Fuel Cells for Bioenergy Generation and Wastewater Treatment

바이오에너지 생산 및 폐수처리를 위한 미생물연료전지

  • Nah, Jaw-Woon (Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Roh, Sung-Hee (Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Chosun University)
  • 나재운 (순천대학교 고분자공학과) ;
  • 노성희 (조선대학교 생명화학공학)
  • Received : 2013.09.11
  • Published : 2013.12.10

Abstract

A microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a bio-electrochemical device that converts chemical energy in the chemical bonds in organic compounds to electrical energy through catalytic reactions of microorganisms under anaerobic conditions. Power density and Coulombic efficiency are significantly affected by the types of microbe in the anodic chamber of an MFC, configurations of the system and operating conditions. The achievable power output from MFC increased remarkably by modifying their designs such as the optimization of MFC configurations, the physical and chemical operating conditions, and the choice of biocatalysts. This article presents a critical review on the recent advances made in MFC research with the emphasis on MFC configurations, optimization of important operating parameters, performances and future applications of MFC.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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