Sex Differences in the Pain Control by the Peripheral Opioid

성별에 따른 말초 opioid의 통증조절

  • Bae, Sung-Jae (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Kim, Wan-Su (Department of Periodontology, Dental College, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kang, Soo-Kyung (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Auh, Q-Schick (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Hong, Jung-Pyo (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Chun, Yang-Hyun (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University)
  • 배성제 (경희대학교 치의학전문대학원 안면통증구강내과학교실) ;
  • 김완수 (원광대학교 치과대학 치주과학교실) ;
  • 강수경 (경희대학교 치의학전문대학원 안면통증구강내과학교실) ;
  • 어규식 (경희대학교 치의학전문대학원 안면통증구강내과학교실) ;
  • 홍정표 (경희대학교 치의학전문대학원 안면통증구강내과학교실) ;
  • 전양현 (경희대학교 치의학전문대학원 안면통증구강내과학교실)
  • Received : 2013.10.21
  • Accepted : 2013.10.31
  • Published : 2013.12.30


This study was designed to evaluate the sex differences in the pain control effect by morphine injection to masticatory muscle pain patients. Patients with masticatory muscle pain visited the Department of Oral Medicine, Kyung Hee University Dental Hospital were recruited to this study and diagnosed by RDC/TMD. Experimental group were divided into four group each from male (n=20) and female (n=20); saline injection group (n=5), lidocaine injection group (n=5), morphine 1.5 mg injection group (n=5) and morphine 3 mg injection group (n=5). Evaluation list was the subjective pain evaluation(visual analogue scale, Mc Gill pain questionnaire, pain drawing) and the objective pain evaluation(pressure pain threshold, pressure pain tolerance) and evaluation time was injection before, after 1 hour, 24 hour, 48 hour and then it was analyzed statistically. The results were as follows : 1. The male and female were significantly different statistically morphine 3 mg group in visual analogue scale evaluation. (male: p<0.05, female: p<0.05) 2. The male and female were more significantly different statistically morphine 3 mg group than morphine 1.5 mg group in McGill pain questionnaire evaluation. (male: p<0.001, female: p<0.01) 3. The male were significantly different statistically morphine 3 mg group in pain drawing evaluation and pressure pain threshold evaluation. (PD: p<0.001, PPT: p<0.05) Therefore, it was revealed that the morphine 3 mg injection for masticatory muscle pain was effective to pain control male patients and more effect than female patients in the objective pain evaluation.


Morphine sulfate;Masticatory Muscle Pain;Sex Differences;Temporomandibular Disorders


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