A Study on the Ethical Basis of Global Citizenship Idea as a Theory on Global Justice - Focusing on Rawls' Liberal Internationalism and Cosmopolitan Republicanism

지구적 정의론으로서 지구시민권구상의 윤리학적 기초에 대한 연구 - Rawls의 자유주의적 국제주의와 코즈모폴리턴 공화주의를 중심으로-

  • Received : 2013.10.01
  • Accepted : 2013.11.11
  • Published : 2013.11.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyse the ethical basis of two influential global citizenship idea - Rawls' liberal approach and cosmopolitan republicanism - as a theory on global justice. In the aspect of deontology, Rawls' view has the limit not to reflect reciprocal obligation and duty on civil right in the era of economic globalization that inequality has been structured. But cosmopolitan republicanism has the basis of deontological justification because advocates the realization of anti-domination principle at global level. In the aspect of utilitarianism, Rawls attempts to justify the logic rejecting redistribution intra nations. But cosmopolitan republicanism has the potential to decrease maleficence at global level and to increase utility level through overcoming the structured sacrifice of the citizens of developing countries.

Keywords

global justice;global citizenship;liberal internationalism;cosmopolitan republicanism;normative ethics;applied ethics