Mediating Effect of Emotional Dissonance and Moderating Effect of Emotional Leadership in the Relationship between Social Worker's Emotional Labor and Non-Task Behaviors

사회복지사의 감성노동과 비과업행동의 관계에서 감정부조화의 매개효과와 감성적 리더십의 조절효과

  • Received : 2013.07.27
  • Accepted : 2013.10.04
  • Published : 2013.11.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of social workers' emotional labor on non-task behaviors. This study characterizes emotional labor as deep acting and surface acting, non-task behavior as organizational citizenship behavior(OCB) and counterproductive work behavior(CWB). And this study also examines the mediating effect of social workers' emotional dissonance in the relationship between surface acting and non-task behavior, and the moderating effect of senior worker's emotional leadership in the relationship between emotional dissonance and non-task behaviors. The results from this study are as follows. Firstly, social workers' deep acting improves their OCB. Secondly, social workers' surface acting has strong effects on their emotional dissonance, and this emotional dissonance hinders their OCB. In addition, the mediating effect of emotional dissonance is also recognized at this point. Thirdly, senior worker's emotional leadership moderates the relationship between social worker's emotional dissonance and OCB in the sense that emotional leadership is expected to reduce the negative effects of emotional dissonance on OCB. However, the influence of emotional labor on CWB has no statistical significance in this study. Based on these results, detailed theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Keywords

emotional labor;organizational citizenship behavior;counterproductive work behavior;emotional dissonance;emotional leadership