School Adjustment: Comparing Children from Multicultural Families and Children of Non-Multicultural Families

다문화가정 아동청소년과 비다문화가정(한국인 부모가정) 아동청소년의 학교적응 비교 연구

  • Received : 2013.07.23
  • Accepted : 2013.10.04
  • Published : 2013.11.30


School adjustment has been a popular topic among scholars in multicultural family studies, and they commonly report poor adjustment of children from multicultural families. However, without subjects for comparison, these findings may be considered premature. This study investigated school adjustment of children from multicultural families by comparing their adjustment level to that of children from families with Korean parents. By using the matching procedure, this study examined whether children's multicultural family background attributes to their school adjustment with children's observable characteristics paired and matched. For the analyses, the first and fourth wave of Korean Children and Youth Panel Study data were used. When the school adjustment level was examined before the matching procedure, the school adjustment level was indeed lower among children of multicultural families, and their family status was a significant predictor of school adjustment. However, when two groups were paired and matched using matching, the family background had no significant effect, indicating that school adjustment is not predicted by their multicultural family status. Implications for research and practice are also discussed in the paper.


school adjustment;multicultural families;Korean families;children and youth;matching