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The Effect of Nutrition Education on Nutrition Knowledge and Health Improvement in Dyslipidemic Industrial Employees

영양교육이 이상지혈증 산업체 근로자의 영양지식 및 건강개선에 미치는 효과

Sim, Kyung-Soon;Lee, Kyung-Hea
심경순;이경혜

  • Received : 2011.11.09
  • Accepted : 2011.12.15
  • Published : 2012.02.02

Abstract

This study was designed to investigate the impact of a 12-week nutrition education program on 32 male industrial workers (average age: $44.5{\pm}3.8$ yrs, work duration period: $20.1{\pm}5.6$ yrs) diagnosed as having dyslipidemia in a medical checkup at their workplace. This program was implemented with a conceptual framework on strengthening self-efficacy for the improvement of the health conditions of the workers. Most of all, the study exhibited benefits in the industrial workers by ameliorating the risk factors associated with dyslipidemia via changes in dietary behaviors, nutritional knowledge, and attitudes, as well as anthropometric and biochemical parameters. After the nutrition education, overall lifestyle, including the ratios of smoking (P<0.05) and drinking (P<0.01), significantly improved. Exactly 65.6% of the subjects reported that their dietary habits changed. Body weight, BMI, percentage of body fat, and waist circumference all significantly decreased (P<0.001). The systolic (P<0.01) as well as diastolic blood pressures (P<0.001) decreased. Moreover, the degree of increase in serum HDL-cholesterol was appreciable (P<0.001), and the atherogenic index also decreased (P<0.01). Further, risk factors related to metabolic syndrome in subjects significantly decreased (P<0.001). The average scores for nutrition knowledge increased from 9.3 to 17.7 points (P<0.001). All of the participants agreed on the need for a nutrition education program at their workplace. Further, it should be pointed out that the participants strongly indicated the need for continuing nutrition intervention.

Keywords

nutrition education;industrial workers;nutritional knowledge;lifestyle;dyslipidemia

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  2. Effect of Nutrition Education on Improving Dietary Attitudes, Food Habits and Food Frequency - Female in Twenties Shift Work in Gyeonggi Area vol.18, pp.1, 2013, https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2013.18.1.55
  3. Health-related Factors and Nutritional Status in Shift-workers at Coffee Shops - Focused on Single Women in Twenties in Seoul - vol.18, pp.5, 2013, https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2013.18.5.467
  4. Assessment of Need for Nutritional Education in Male Workers Living in Busan vol.43, pp.7, 2014, https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2014.43.7.1132
  5. The relationships between dietary behavior and health related factors according to shift work in nurses vol.47, pp.6, 2014, https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2014.47.6.416

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Changwon National University