First Record of a Snailfish, Careproctus notosaikaiensis (Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) from Korea

  • Ji, Hwan-Sung (Department of Marine Biology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Park, Jeong-Ho (East Sea Fisheries Research Institute, NFRDI) ;
  • Ban, Tae-Woo (Department of Marine Biology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Koo (Department of Marine Biology, Pukyong National University)
  • Received : 2012.05.24
  • Accepted : 2012.09.03
  • Published : 2012.10.31


A single specimen (134.3 mm standard length) of a snailfish, Careproctus notosaikaiensis was collected from a fish trap in Goseong-gun, Gangwon-do, East Sea, Korea. It is characterized by having the teeth strongly trilobed; dorsal fin rays 52; anal fin rays 47; pectoral fin rays 35; caudal fin rays 10; vertebrae 58; ribs 2 pairs; cephalic pores, 2-6-7-2; gill slit extending to the fifth pectoral fin ray; chin pores paired and equal in size; dorsal and anal fins with distinct reddish margins. We describe this species as the first record to Korea, and proposed the new Korean name, "Dong-hae-bun-hong-ggom-chi" for this species.


  1. Andriashev AP, Stein DL, 1998. Review of the snailfish genus Careproctus (Liparidae, Scorpaeniformes) in Antarctic and adjacent waters. Contributions in Science, 470:1-63.
  2. Burke V, 1930. Revision of the fishes of the family Liparidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 150:1-204.
  3. Chernova NV, Stein DL, Andriashev AP, 2004. Family Liparidae Scopoli 1777: snailfishes. California Academy of Sciences, Annotated Checklists of Fishes, 31:1-72.
  4. Eschmyer WN, Fricke R, 2011. Catalog of Fishes electronic version [Internet]. California Academy of Sciences, Accessed 15 Mar 2012, .
  5. Gilbert CH, Burke CV, 1912. Fishes from Bering Sea and Kamchatka. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries,30:31-96.
  6. Kai Y, Ikeguchi S, Nakabo T, 2011. A new species of the genus Careproctus (Liparidae) from the Sea of Japan. Ichthyological Research, 58:350-354.
  7. Kido K, 1988. Phylogeny of the family Liparidae, with the taxonomy of the species found around Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Fisheries, Hokkaido University, 35:1-125.
  8. Kim IS, Choi Y, Lee CL, Kim BJ, Kim JH, 2005. Illustrated book of korean fishes. Kyo-Hak Publishing Co., Seoul, pp. 266-269 (in Korean).
  9. Kim YU, Gong Y, Lim JY, 1988. Classification of the commerical fishes in the Pacific ocean. National Fisheris Research, Busan, pp. 152-154 (in Korean).
  10. Kim YU, Myoung JG, Kim YS, Han KH, Kang CB, Kim JK, Ryu JH, 2001. Marine fishes of Korea. Hanguel Publishing Co., Busan, p. 221 (in Korean).
  11. Kroyer HN, 1862. Nogle Bidrag til Nordisk ichthyologi. Naturhist Tidsskr, 1:233-310.
  12. Lee JU, Kim YU, Park CY, Moon DY, Kim JB, Kim JK, Baik CI, Yang WS, Kim YS, Hwang SJ, An DH, Jo HS, Kim SS, Oh TY, Choi SG, Kim DN, Huh SH, Ryu JH, 1999. Fishes of the Pacific Ocean. Hanguel Publishing Co., Busan, pp. 317-320 (in Korean).
  13. Nakabo T, 2002. Liparidae. In: Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species. English ed. (Ed., Nakabo T). Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp. 665-677.
  14. Orr JW, Busby MS, 2006. Revision of the snailfish genus Allocareproctus Pitruk & Fedorov (Teleostei: Liparidae), with descriptions of four new species from the Aleutian Islands. Zootaxa, 1173:1-37.
  15. Orr JW, Maslenikov KP, 2007. Two new variegated snailfishes of the genus Careproctus (Teleostei: Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) from the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Copeia, 2007: 699- 710.[699:TNVSOT]2.0.CO;2
  16. Sakurai H, Shinohara G, 2008. Careproctus rotundifrons, a new snailfish (Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) from Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Series A, Supplement, 2:39-45.
  17. Scopoli GA, 1777. Introductio ad historiam naturalem, sistens genera lapidum, plantarum et animalium hactenus detecta, caracteribus essentialibus donata, in tribus divisa, subinde ad leges naturae. Wolfgangum Gerle, Prague, pp. 1-506.
  18. Stein DL, Chernova NV, Andriashev AP, 2001. Snailfishes (Pices: Liparidae) of Australia, including descriptions of thirty new species. Records of the Australian Museum, 53: 341-406.