Verbalizing visual stimuli can reduce the global precedence effect

시각 자극의 언어화에 의한 전역 선행성의 역전

  • Min, Soo-Jung (Department of Psychology, Yonsei University) ;
  • Yi, Do-Joon (Department of Psychology, Yonsei University)
  • Received : 2012.09.12
  • Accepted : 2012.09.24
  • Published : 2012.09.30

Abstract

'Verbal overshadowing' refers to the phenomenon whereby the verbal reporting of a visual memory of a face interferes with subsequent visual recognition of that face. Schooler (2002)[1] suggested that verbalization causes a shift from a holistic/global processing orientation towards a more analytic/local processing orientation that is detrimental to face recognition. The present research investigated whether this processing shift occurs or not by assessing performance of Navon task following face recognition task, interposing verbalization between encoding stage and retrieval stage. The face recognition task showed the verbal overshadowing effect. In the Navon task, while non-verbalization group showed global precedence, verbalization group showed local precedence. This results imply that the cause of verbal overshadowing effect is a processing shift induced by verbalization.

Keywords

verbal overshadowing;verbalization;face recognition;Navon task;global precedence

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단