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In vitro propagation and multiple shoot induction of Rhodiola rosea L. by axillary bud culture

홍경천(Rhodiola rosea L.)의 액아배양을 통한 다신초 유도 및 기내 대량증식

  • Received : 2012.06.15
  • Accepted : 2012.07.20
  • Published : 2012.06.30

Abstract

An efficient in vitro propagation was established by using axillary bud explants of roseroot (Rhodiola rosea L.), which has been known as a medicinal plant in East Asia. Among various media tested, MS medium supplemented with 1.0 mg/L BA and 1.0 mg/L $GA_3$ was found to be the best for multiple shoot formation (15 axillary shoots per axillary bud). In addition 1/2MS medium containing 50 g/L sucrose was best for shoot elongation (7.8 cm) and increasing total chlorophyll contents (8.64 mg/g) best. Maximum number of roots (17.7 roots per explant) was observed on the medium without plant growth regulators. Propagated plants were successfully acclimatized to ex vitro conditions, with a survival frequency of 97% after 12 weeks. Most rooted shoots grew well and produced viable seeds when grown in vitro culture conditions. Therefore, R. rosea can be effectively propagated in vitro by the system we developed in this study.

Keywords

axillary bud culture;in vitro rooting;in vitro propagation;Rhodiola rosea

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