Community Participation for Health Promotion: Definitions and Applications

지역사회건강증진을 위한 참여: 이해와 적용

  • Yoo, Seung-Hyun (Seoul National University Graduate School of Public Health & Center for Health Promotion Research)
  • 유승현 (서울대학교 보건대학원, 건강증진연구센터)
  • Received : 2012.08.30
  • Accepted : 2012.09.14
  • Published : 2012.10.01

Abstract

Objectives: This paper describes the concept, principles, and strategies and directions for community participation in health promotion. Methods: Descriptions of and discussions on community participation in this paper are based on the results of selected peer-reviewed research articles, white papers, and practice manuals which address the issues of community participation and community empowerment, and principles and strategies for practice in community health promotion. Results: In ladder-of-community-participation models, the level of participation ranges from non-participation to the stages where communities have partnerships, delegated power, and control. Enhancement of participation is presented as a continuum of informing - consulting - involving - collaborating - empowering. For community participation to reach its fullest potential, the types and levels of participation desired should be clearly decided at the beginning. Along with community readiness for participation, public health system should also be in place readily to process community participation for health promotion with appropriate procedures, guidelines, methods, resources, and stakeholders' commitment and support. Conclusions: For the promotion of participation in community health, readiness for participation of both community and public health system should be prepared.

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