Ways to Improve Effectiveness of School-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adolescents: Implications from Focus Group Interviews

포커스 그룹 인터뷰를 통한 학교기반 청소년 금연 프로그램 효과성 제고 방안

  • Nam, Sung-Hee (Graduate School of Social Welfare, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Chun, Jong-Serl (Graduate School of Social Welfare, Ewha Womans University)
  • 남성희 (이화여자대학교 사회복지전문대학원) ;
  • 전종설 (이화여자대학교 사회복지전문대학원)
  • Received : 2012.07.24
  • Accepted : 2012.09.17
  • Published : 2012.09.30

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study is to explore factors that contribute toward improving the effectiveness of school-based smoking cessation programs for Korean adolescents. Methods: Thematic analysis was done on the feedback gathered from a focus group interview of 5 instructors with ample service experience at smoking cessation programs provided in school settings. Results: This study has identified 9 categories of initiatives that may contribute to improving the quality of existing programs. These nine categories were grouped into the following 4 themes. 1) Improvement in the structure of intervention: the programs should be restructured to allow more instruction time and better instruction environment; 2) Improvement in the content of intervention: the programs should develop differentiated contents considering the characteristics of adolescence; 3) Importance of rapport, adolescents' interests and compensation: the program should be more interesting to adolescents and provide rewards based on the rapport between instructors and adolescents; 4) Cooperation among smoking cessation instructor, school, and community: instructors, teachers at schools, and communities should cooperate actively with one another. Conclusions: The school-based smoking cessation programs will benefit from implementing the findings of this study in improving its effectiveness in smoking cession in adolescents.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 교육과학기술부

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