The effect of positive parenting style, self-efficacy, stress, and depression on school adjustment of adolescents

청소년이 느끼는 부모의 긍정적 양육태도가 자기효능감, 스트레스, 우울, 학교생활 적응에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2012.08.20
  • Accepted : 2012.09.21
  • Published : 2012.09.30


The objective of this study is to explore the structural relationships between positive parenting style, self-efficacy, stress, depression, and school adjustment of adolescents. The data in this study used from the 2010 Korea Youth Health Status Survey(N=7,187). To explore these relationships between each variable showed in this study model, structural equation modelling(SEM) was carried out by using IBM SPSS AMOS Ver. 19.0. The main findings of this study are as follows; Firstly, The positive parenting style made a positive effect on self-efficacy, and reduced the stress and depression, eventually affected school adjustment positively. Secondly, the more self-efficacy, and the less stress and depression. And the more self-efficacy, and the more school adjustment. Thirdly, as considering the indirect effect of positive parenting style on school adjustment through the mediating variable as self-efficacy, positive parenting style is more important variable than any other factors. These results implies that positive and intimate parent-children relationships or parenting attitudes on adolescents are necessary highly.


Positive parenting style;self-efficacy;stress;depression;school adjustment