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Fragrance, Chemical Composition and Toxicity of the Essential Oil in Erect Bur-marigold (Bidens tripartita L.)

가막사리 (Bidens tripartita L.) 정유의 향취, 화학성분 및 세포독성

  • Yun, Mi-Sun (Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Yeon, Bo-Ram (Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Cho, Hae-Me (Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Sa-Eun (R&D Center, Hanbul Cosmetics Co. Ltd.) ;
  • Jhoo, Jin-Woo (Department of Animal Products and Food Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Jung, Ji-Wook (Department of Herbal Medicinal Pharmacology, Daegu Haany University) ;
  • Park, Yu-Hwa (Gangwon Perfume Alchemy Co. Ltd., Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Song-Mun (Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University)
  • 윤미선 (강원대학교 바이오자원환경학과) ;
  • 연보람 (강원대학교 바이오자원환경학과) ;
  • 조해미 (강원대학교 바이오자원환경학과) ;
  • 이사은 (한불화장품주식회사) ;
  • 주진우 (강원대학교 동물식품응용과학과) ;
  • 정지욱 (대구한의대학교 한약재약리학과) ;
  • 박유화 (강원퍼퓸알케미) ;
  • 김성문 (강원대학교 바이오자원환경학과)
  • Received : 2012.08.13
  • Accepted : 2012.09.11
  • Published : 2012.09.30

Abstract

The essential oil was extracted by steam distillation from the aerial part of erect bur-marigold (Bidens tripartita L.), one of the noxious weed in paddy field. The composition of the essential oil was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The fragrance of the essential oil was green, herbal, oily, spicy. There were 42 constituents in the essential oil:17 hydrocarbons, 6 alcohols, 6 acetates, 5 N-containing compounds, 3 ethers, 3 ketones, 1 lactone and 1 S-containing compound. Major constituents were ${\alpha}$-phellandrene (22.50%), ${\alpha}$-pinene (22.21%), 2,4-dimethyl (2,5-dimethylphenyl) methyl ester benzoic acid (15.11%), limonene (10.66%), ${\beta}$-pinene (35.43%), and ${\beta}$-cubebene (5.27%). The $IC_{50}$ value in MTT assay using HaCaT keratinocyte cell line was 0.018%. However, attachment of patch with 0.1% of the erect bur-marigold essential oil for 24 hr did not show any skin toxicity. Overall results of this study suggest that the essential oil of erect bur-marigold could be used as a source for the development of perfumery industrial products.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 화학농약 대체기술

Supported by : 농촌진흥청, 지식경제부

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