Ecological Consideration of Factors Inducing School Violence

생태학적 측면에서 본 학교폭력의 유발 요인

  • Received : 2012.07.27
  • Accepted : 2012.09.06
  • Published : 2012.09.30

Abstract

This paper aims at investigate factors inducing school violence from an ecological standpoint on the assumption that a correct analysis of what brings about it must be carried out in advance in order to prevent and cope with school violence, For that, an ecological heuristic model of factors related to school violence devised by Benbenishty and Astor(2005), who were greatly influenced by the ecological developmental theory of Bronfenbrenner(1979), was briefly introduced. On the basis of this model the author classified school violence factors into school-level factors, individual factors, family-level factors, and community contextual factors and examined relevant literature and preceding studies. Through this discussion a conclusion was drawn that, because school violence occurs not by one cause but by various causes including school, individual, family, community related factors, and it can be called 'a synthetic violence type', it is necessary to set up synthetic measures against these factors on a long-term basis. It also was concluded that only when schools, homes and societies free from factors inducing school violence are built, the countermeasures against school violence will be truly effective.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 대구교육대학교