Characteristics of Jochung by Wet-Milled Rice Flour and Steamed Rice

습식 미분과 증미로 제조한 쌀조청의 특성

  • Received : 2012.08.08
  • Accepted : 2012.09.13
  • Published : 2012.09.30


This study was performed to increase the utilization of rice and improve the productivity of jochung, traditional food in Korea. Two kinds of jochung products were prepared from steamed rice(SR) and wet-milled rice flour(WRF) by rice cultivated from 2006 to 2010. It is common to add a liquefying enzyme for rice liquefaction(4 $m{\ell}$/1,000 g rice, at $90{\sim}95^{\circ}C$, 3 h) and saccharogenic enzyme with malt(45 g/1,000 g rice, at $55{\sim}57^{\circ}C$, 6 h). In order to evaluate the quality characteristics of jochung, producing rate, pH, solidity, reducing sugar, dextrose equivalence(D.E.), viscosity, total phenolic compound, color value and sensory evaluation were carried out. In terms of the producing rate of jochung, WRF jochung was produced about 7.4% much more than SR jochung. There was no difference in producing rate between the jochung cultivated from 2006 to 2010 rice. The pH varied from 4.86~5.66, solidity was 79.48~82.28%. Color L value was 25.82~27.92, a value of 1.28~2.81, b value were 2.98~4.33. The results of sensory evaluation for jochung, as a whole, received higher score than for the commercial product(Daesang Co., Ltd, Seoul, Korea), overall acceptability score was the highest in the 2008SR. Reducing sugar, dextrose equivalence(D.E.) and total phenolic compounds were determined to be higher WRF jochung than SR jochung, while viscosity was lower WRF jochung than SR jochung. These results are thought to be due to increased surface area of rice by milling. SR jochung manufacturd by wet-milled rice flour will increase the producing rate for jochung, thereby saving manufacturing time and costs.


jochung;steamed rice;wet-milled rice flour;producing rate


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