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Proper Light Intensity, Potting Media, and Fertilization Level for Potted Orostachys iwarenge for. magnus

울릉연화바위솔 분화재배를 위한 적정 광도, 분용토 및 시비 수준

  • Jeong, Kyeong-Jin (Department of Horticultural Science, Geongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Chon, Young-Shin (Department of Horticultural Science, Geongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Choi, Kyeong-Ok (Department of Horticultural Science, Geongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Ha, Su-Hyeon (Department of Horticultural Science, Geongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Yun, Jae-Gill (Department of Horticultural Science, Geongnam National University of Science and Technology)
  • 정경진 (경남과학기술대학교 원예학과) ;
  • 천영신 (경남과학기술대학교 원예학과) ;
  • 최경옥 (경남과학기술대학교 원예학과) ;
  • 하수현 (경남과학기술대학교 원예학과) ;
  • 윤재길 (경남과학기술대학교 원예학과)
  • Received : 2012.02.16
  • Accepted : 2012.04.20
  • Published : 2012.08.30

Abstract

Proper light intensity, shading tolerance, potting media, and fertilization level were investigated to develop Orostachys iwarenge for. magnus (Korean name, Ullungyeonwhabawisol) as a potted ornamental plant. The plants were grown under different light intensity (52, 82, 90, and 97% shading). The best growth was shown at 52% shading, which indicated that the proper light intensity for O. iwarenge for. magnus is less than 52% of shading. Plant growth decreased severely at 82% shading and leaf color became lighter as the shading rate increased, which indicated that O. iwarenge for. magnus has no tolerance against low light intensity. To select a proper potting media, decomposed granite (DG), fertilizer-amended media (FAM), river sand (RS) were used as potting medium with different ratio of 60:20:20 (DG:FAM:RS, v/v/v), 80:20 (DG:FAM, v/v), 60:40 (DG:FAM, v/v), and 20:80 (FAM:RS, v/v). DG:FAM:RS (60:20:20) showed the highest values in shoot fresh weight, plant width, and number of runner in potted O. iwarenge for. magnus. Fresh weight of shoot part was 16 g in DG:FAM:RS (60:20:20), which was about 2 folds of those at the other medium. At the experiment for selection of proper fertilization level, plants showed a better growth as the concentration of hyponex solution and application frequency increased. Once drenching 1 week interval of hyponex solution diluted by 1,000 folds brought the highest results in fresh weight, plant width, and runner number. Particularly, fresh weight of shoot part was 35 g at once drenching per week of 1,000 folds solution, indicating 84% improvement comparing with non treatment (19 g).

울릉연화바위솔을 분화로 재배하고자 할 때, 적정 광도와 내음성 정도, 적정 분용토, 그리고 적정 시비조건을 알아보기 위해 실험을 수행한 결과는 다음과 같다. 적정 광도를 알아보기 위해 광도를 52, 82, 90, 97% 차광을 하고 울릉바위솔을 재배한 결과, 52% 차광에서 생육이 가장 양호한 것으로 나타나 최적 광도는 차광율 52% 이하로 판단되었다. 또한 82% 차광구부터는 생육이 급격하게 저하되고 엽색도 엷어지는 것으로 나타나 울릉연화바위솔은 내음성이 비교적 약한 종류임을 알 수 있었다. 적정 분용토 선발을 위하여 마사토:유비상토(80:20, v/v), 마사토:유비상토(60:40), 유비상토:강모래(20:80), 마사토:유비상토:강모래(60:20:20)와 같이 4종류의 배합토를 이용하였다. 그 결과 마사토:유비상토:강모래(60:20:20)에서 지상부생체중, 초폭, 런너수 등에서가장 좋은 것으로 나타났다. 특히 지상부 생체중의 경우 다른 용토에서는 약 5-8g 범위였으나, 마사토:유비상토:강모래(60:20:20)에서는 16g으로 2배 정도의 생육량을 보였다. 시비조건은 하이포넥스 액비를 1,000배로 희석하여 1회/주처리했을 때, 생체중 및 초폭, 분지수 등에서 가장 좋게 나타났다. 특히 생체중의 경우 대조구(무처리)가 19g인데 비해 1,000배액 1회/주 처리에서 약 35g으로 84% 정도 생장량이 증가하였다. 대체적으로 액비농도가 높고 처리횟수가 많을수록 생육이 양호하였다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림수산식품부

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