- Volume 22 Issue 4
Comparison of Dietary Behaviors and Lifestyles of Korean University Students and Chinese International Students in the Jeonbuk Area
전북 지역 한국 대학생과 중국 유학생의 식행동 및 생활 습관 비교
- Rho, Jeong-Ok (Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Chonbuk National University) ;
- Chang, Eun-Ha (Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Chonbuk National University)
- Received : 2012.07.03
- Accepted : 2012.08.22
- Published : 2012.08.31
The study was conducted to investigate the dietary behaviors and lifestyles of Korean university students and Chinese international students in the Jeonbuk area. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 241 Korean university students and 198 Chinese international students. Statistical data analysis was completed using SPSS v. 12.0. Breakfast-skipping among subjects was very common, and the most frequently given reason for skipping this meal was 'lack of time'. More than 85% of Korean male students and 75% of Korean female students reported regularly eating lunch in university canteens or restaurants around campus, whereas 86% of Chinese male students and 82% of Chinese female students regularly ate their lunches in university canteens or at home. About 62% of Korean male students, 72% of Korean female students, 48% of Chinese male students, and 70% of Chinese female students responded that they do not regularly eat dinner, the main reasons cited for this being 'irregularity of lifestyle' and 'part-time work'. Snack intake by the subjects was high. Beverages were the snack item most frequently consumed by Korean and Chinese male students, whereas cookies and fruits were most frequently consumed by Korean and Chinese female students. About 28% of Korean male students and 44% of Chinese male students were smokers, respectively. Half of Chinese female students drank alcohol once or twice a week. About 42% of Korean male students and 65% of Chinese male students played sports, respectively. Dietary behaviors and lifestyles of Korean and Chinese students tended to be very similar. Chinese students performed more health-oriented activities in comparison to Korean students. In conclusion, a practical and foreigner-friendly nutritional education program should be devised in order to correct the dietary behaviors and health-related lifestyles of Korean and Chinese students.
- 조선일보 "등록금만 내면 학위" 국내 중국 유학생 10년 새 50배. http://news.chosun.com/svc/news. Accessed April 4, 2011.
- Back SH (2009) Healthy eating habits related to normal weight maintenance among female university students. Korean J Community Nutrition 14: 295-305.
- Cho HY, Kim MH (2010) Dietary behavior and nutrient intake in university female students according to taste preference. J Korean Diet Assoc 16: 100-115.
- Choi SM, Chung NY (2010) Bone density, nutritional intake, blood composition and food habits in non-smoking and non-alcohol drinking male university students. Korean J Food Culture 25: 380-399.
- Ha JH (2008) A qualitative study of Chinese students' adaptation to Korean college life. Korean J Counselling & Psychotherapy 20: 473-496.
- Han JS, Han GP, Lee JS, Kim YJ (2005) A survey on Chinese university students' in Beijing perception for Korean Kimchi. Korean J Food Culture 20: 754-760.
- Hong MS, Pak HO, Sohn CY (2011) A study on food behaviors and nutrient intakes according to body mass index and body image recognition in female university students from Incheon. Korean J Food & Nutrition 24: 386-395. https://doi.org/10.9799/ksfan.2011.24.3.386
- Hong YH (2008) A survey of dietary pattern and food preference of university students in Gwangju and Chonnam province. Korean J Food Culture 23: 318-327.
- Hwang JH, Lee HM (2007) A study on lifestyles, dietary habits, nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviors of male university students according to residence type. Korean J Community Nutr 12: 381-395.
- Joo HY, You BB (2011) The effect of Chinese college students' adapting capability on country image in Korea. Social Science Review 42: 123-147.
- Ko MS (2007) The comparison in dietary intake of nutrients and dietary habits of college students in Busan. Korean J Community Nutr 12: 259-271.
- Korean Society for the Study of Obesity (2010) Fact Sheet of Korean Society for the Study of Obesity, Seoul. p 11.
- Kwon SJ, Kang JH, Kim NJ, Kim RJ, Kim SY, Kim SI, Han GS (2012) Relationships between dietary behaviors with smoking, drinking situations and subjective health status of university students. Journal of Dental Hygiene Science 12: 145-153.
- Kyung SY, Jang SM (2010) The effect of acculturative stress on depression and drinking problems among Chinese students in Korea. Mental Health & Social Work 34: 399-421.
- Lee BK, Lee JH (2011) Evaluation of dietary variety by food habits in female university students. Korean J Food & Nutrition 24: 687-701. https://doi.org/10.9799/ksfan.2011.24.4.687
- Lee GO (2007) Relationships between leisure activity types and university life satisfaction of Chinese students studying at Korean universities. Tourism Research 25: 23-41.
- Lee JH, Lee BK, Kim YS (2011) The relationship between bone mineral density and body composition, life styles of female college students. Korean J Food & Nutr 24: 786-796. https://doi.org/10.9799/ksfan.2011.24.4.786
- Lee JY, Kim JD (2011) A study on weight control behavior, body attitude, and obesity stress of a women's university students. J Korean Soc Cosm 17: 461-467.
- Lee SM, Woo MK (2003) Differences in the dietary and healthrelated habits and quality of diet un university students living in Daejeon. Korean J Community Nutr 8: 33-40.
- Lim CH (2009) Acculturative stress and adjustment elements of Chinese students' studying in Korea. Korean Journal of Human Ecology 18: 93-112. https://doi.org/10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.1.093
- Park JH, Jung JH, Kim HS (2011) Study on dietary habits of college women according to the residence type in Seoul. J Korean Diet Assoc 17: 335-348.
- Park JK, Nam YJ, Kim YJ, Jeong SY (2010) A comparison of satisfaction for actual body and perceived body between Korean and Mongolian female college students. J Korean Clothing & Textiles 34: 1558-1566. https://doi.org/10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.9.1558
- Rho JO (2007) A study on weight concerns and their control on behavior in female university students living in Jeonju. Korean J Food & Nutr 20: 325-333.
- Rho JO, Dorandt S (2006) Weight control behaviour of Korean and German female students. Ernahrungs Umschau 53: 435-439.
- Rho JO, Woo KJ (2003) A comparison of dietary behavior and health-related lifestyles of food and nutrition major and non-major university students in Incheon area. J East Asian Soc Dietary Life 13: 155-166.
- Shi MD, Kim DY, Kim JW (2012) A study on eating habits, exercise habits and body perception according to body mass index among Chinese international students in Korea. J Leisure & Wellness 3: 31-42.
- Song JS, Moon SJ (2011) Survey of Chinese university or college students' preference for and satisfaction with Korean food in Daegu and Gyeongbuk. Korean J Food Culture 26: 113-119.
- The Korea Nutrition Society (2010) Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans, Seoul.
- Yang JI, Sohn CM (2009) Nutritional status and dietary quality by their residing types in college students. Korean Journal of Human Ecology 18: 959-970. https://doi.org/10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.959