Comparison of Dietary Behaviors and Lifestyles of Korean University Students and Chinese International Students in the Jeonbuk Area

전북 지역 한국 대학생과 중국 유학생의 식행동 및 생활 습관 비교

  • Rho, Jeong-Ok (Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Chang, Eun-Ha (Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Chonbuk National University)
  • 노정옥 (전북대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 장은하 (전북대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2012.07.03
  • Accepted : 2012.08.22
  • Published : 2012.08.31

Abstract

The study was conducted to investigate the dietary behaviors and lifestyles of Korean university students and Chinese international students in the Jeonbuk area. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 241 Korean university students and 198 Chinese international students. Statistical data analysis was completed using SPSS v. 12.0. Breakfast-skipping among subjects was very common, and the most frequently given reason for skipping this meal was 'lack of time'. More than 85% of Korean male students and 75% of Korean female students reported regularly eating lunch in university canteens or restaurants around campus, whereas 86% of Chinese male students and 82% of Chinese female students regularly ate their lunches in university canteens or at home. About 62% of Korean male students, 72% of Korean female students, 48% of Chinese male students, and 70% of Chinese female students responded that they do not regularly eat dinner, the main reasons cited for this being 'irregularity of lifestyle' and 'part-time work'. Snack intake by the subjects was high. Beverages were the snack item most frequently consumed by Korean and Chinese male students, whereas cookies and fruits were most frequently consumed by Korean and Chinese female students. About 28% of Korean male students and 44% of Chinese male students were smokers, respectively. Half of Chinese female students drank alcohol once or twice a week. About 42% of Korean male students and 65% of Chinese male students played sports, respectively. Dietary behaviors and lifestyles of Korean and Chinese students tended to be very similar. Chinese students performed more health-oriented activities in comparison to Korean students. In conclusion, a practical and foreigner-friendly nutritional education program should be devised in order to correct the dietary behaviors and health-related lifestyles of Korean and Chinese students.

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