Collision between Welfare and Work in a South Korean Welfare-to-Work Program

사회복지와 노동시장의 연계가 초래한 근로연계복지의 딜레마 -자활사업의 사례를 중심으로-

  • Kim, Su-Young (Seoul National University, Social Welfare Research Center)
  • 김수영 (서울대학교 사회복지연구소)
  • Received : 2012.05.02
  • Accepted : 2012.05.28
  • Published : 2012.08.31


This study aims to analyze fundamental dilemmas of welfare-to-work programs, which aim to introduce labor market principles to the welfare system. Through a qualitative case study of a South Korean welfare-to-work program (the self-sufficiency program), this study demonstrates that various institutional problems are an inevitable consequence of such welfare-to-work programs because they have tried to combine two contradictory values and principles of the labor market system and the social welfare system in one policy. The analysis of the collisions between social welfare and market labor in the self-sufficiency program suggests that not only institutional reforms, but also profound debates on the values and principles underlying welfare-to-work programs are necessary to solve the phenomenal conflicts and problems with such programs.