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An Exploratory Study on Digital Contents-based Life-long Sex Education Program for Persons with Mental Retardation

지적장애인 대상의 성교육 프로그램 현황과 과제 : 디지털 교육콘텐츠를 중심으로

  • 박원희 (단국대학교 사범대학 특수교육과) ;
  • 최연숙 (단국대학교 일반대학원 특수교육학과) ;
  • 박성택 (성균관대학교 경영연구소)
  • Received : 2012.07.02
  • Accepted : 2012.07.20
  • Published : 2012.07.31

Abstract

There is growing recognition that individuals with mental retardation are particularly vulnerable to sexual abuse due to multiple factors including life-long dependence on adults for care, trained compliance, social isolation, lack of education about sexuality and sexual abuse, and a societal view that devalues people with disabilities. Teaching about sexual abuse only may raise an individual's anxiety without promoting a healthy sexual identity. For many individuals with mental retardation, the provision of formal sexual health education and sexual abuse prevention training has been shown to be protective against exploitation as well as increase appropriate sexual behavior. To maximize the reach of formal sexual health education and abuse prevention promotion effort, this article suggest exploiting the internet and digital contents as delivery vehicles that have uniquely suitable communication characteristics and outstanding ability to reach large numbers of persons with mental retardation. We review the sexual health education programs, utilizing the internet and digital contents, for individuals with mental retardation. We also suggest the revised version of the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model of health behaviour change (Fisher & Fisher, 1992), and give a brief discussion of how useful this model is for constructing a life-long sex education program for persons with mental retardation.

Keywords

Intellectual disabilities;sexual abuse;life-long sex education;digital contents