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siRNA Mediated Silencing of NIN1/RPN12 Binding Protein 1 Homolog Inhibits Proliferation and Growth of Breast Cancer Cells

  • Huang, Wei-Yi (Department of Oncology, Affiliated People's 1st Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University) ;
  • Chen, Dong-Hui (Department of Oncology, Affiliated People's 1st Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University) ;
  • Ning, Li (Department of Oncology, Affiliated People's 1st Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University) ;
  • Wang, Li-Wei (Department of Oncology, Affiliated People's 1st Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University)
  • Published : 2012.05.30

Abstract

The gene encoding the Nin one binding (NOB1) protein which plays an essential role in protein degradation has been investigated for possible tumor promoting functions. The present study was focused on NOB1 as a possible therapeutic target for breast cancer treatment. Lentivirus mediated NOB1 siRNA transfection was used to silence the NOB1 gene in two established breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231, successful transfection being confirmed by fluorescence imaging. NOB1 deletion caused significant decline in cell proliferation was observed in both cell lines as investigated by MTT assay. Furthermore the number and size of the colonies formed were also significantly reduced in the absence of NOB1. Moreover NOB1 gene knockdown arrested the cell cycle and inhibited cell cycle related protein expression. Collectively these results indicate that NOB1 plays an essential role in breast cancer cell proliferation and its gene expression could be a therapeutic target.

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