DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Understanding Scientific Research Lifecycle: Based on Bio- and Nano-Scientists' Research Activities

과학기술분야 R&D 전주기 연구 - 국내 생명 및 나노과학기술 연구자를 중심으로 -

  • Received : 2012.07.14
  • Accepted : 2012.08.12
  • Published : 2012.08.30

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the entire lifecycle of research projects in science and technology. Specifically, it attempted to reveal major research steps and research activities from the beginning to the end of R&D projects. It also investigated information needs, source use and problems scientists encounter in each research step. In-depth interviews with 24 Korean scientists in the fields of bio- and nano-science and technology revealed five major steps of lifecycle, namely idea formation, seeking funding, experiment and analysis, output disseminations, and evaluation. We further identified specific information behaviors and salient communication and research tools in each step.

Keywords

Science and Technology;R&D Lifecycle;Human Information Behavior;Scientific Data Sharing;Information Barriers;User Study;Bioscience;Nano Science;Sense-Making;Activity Theory;E-Science

Acknowledgement

Grant : 국내 연구자 R&D 라이프사이클 조사

Supported by : 한국과학기술정보연구원

References

  1. 국가과학기술위원회. 2010. 제2차 연구성과 관리․활용 기본계획. [서울]: 국가과학기술위원회. [online]. [cited 2012.7.15]. .(National Science & Technology Commission. 2010. The Second Round of the Basic Plans of Research Output Management and Utilizations. [Seoul]: National Science & Technology Commission. [online]. [cited 2012.7.15]. .)
  2. 권나현, 정은경, 이정연. 2011. 국내 연구자 R&D 라이프사이클 조사. 대전: 한국과학기술정보연구원.(Kwon, Nahyun, Chung, Eunkyung, & Lee, Jungyeoun. 2011. Korean Scientists' R&D Life Cycle Study. Daejeon: Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information.)
  3. 박지민. 2009. 연구와 특허 인식도 조사. 포항: 생물학연구정보센터.(Park, Jimin. 2009. Perceptions of Research and Patents. Pohang: Biological Research Information Center.)
  4. 신원식. 2011. 이공학 교수들의 학술정보 이용행태 분석: S대학을 중심으로. 사대도협회지, 12: 1-20.(Shin, Won-sik. 2011. "Scholarly information use behavior of professors in science and technology fields." Journal of the Korean Private University Library Association, 12: 1-20.)
  5. 이승채. 1987. 물리학자들의 학술정보 이용과 전달에 관한 조사연구. 정보관리학회지, 4(1): 124-153.(Lee, Seung-Chae. 1987. "A survey on the use and communication of scholarly information in Korean physicists." Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management, 4(1): 124-153.)
  6. 이준영, 배국진, 박진서, 문영호. 2003. 국가 과학기술 연구자들의 정보이용행태 분석. 한국기술혁신학회 학술대회 발표논문집, 11: 401-425.(Lee, Joonyoung, Bae, Kookjin, Park, Jinseo, & Moon, Youngho. 2003. "Information use patterns of Korean science and technology researchers." Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Korea Technology Innovation Society, 11: 401-425.)
  7. 최은주. 1997. 자연과학 및 사회과학 연구자들의 정보이용특성 분석. 정보관리학회지, 14(1): 27-45.(Choi, Eun-Ju. 1997. "Comparison of information use pattern between some scientists and social scientists." Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management, 14(1): 27-45.)
  8. 한승희, 이지연. 2006. 과학기술분야 연구자의 정보요구별 탐색행태 분석. 한국정보관리학회 학술대회논문집, 13: 17-22.(Han, Seunghee, & Lee, Jee-Yeon. 2006. "Searching behavior of scientists and technologists based on their information needs." Proceedings of the Korean Society for Information Management Conference, 13: 17-22.)
  9. Barga, R. S., Andrews, S., & Parastatidis, S. 2007. "A Virtual Research Environment(VRE) for bioscience researchers." Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Engineering Computing and Applications in Sciences, November 4-9, 2007. Papeete, French Polynesia.
  10. Dervin, Brenda. 1983. "An overview of sense-making research: Concepts, methods, and results to date." International Communication Association Annual Meeting, May 1983. Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.
  11. Engeström, Y., Miettinen, R., & Punamäki, R. 1999. Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  12. Humphrey, C. 2006. E-Science and the Life Cycle of Research. [online]. [cited 2012.7.15]. .
  13. Joint Information Systems Committee. 2007. Integrative Biology Virtual Research Environment. [online]. [cited 2012.7.15]. .
  14. Joint Task Force on Library Support for E-Science. 2007. Agenda for Developing E-Science in Research Libraries: Final Report and Recommendations to the Scholarly Communication Steering Committee, the Public Policies Affecting Research Libraries Steering Committee, and the Research, Teaching, and Learning Steering Committee. [online]. [cited 2012.7.15]. .
  15. National E-Science Centre. 2011. [online]. [cited 2012.7.15]. .
  16. Peffers, K., Tuunanen, T., Gengler, C., Rossi, M., Hui, W., Virtanen, V., & Bragge, J. 2006. "The design science research process: A model for producing and presenting information systems research." Proceedings of DESRIST 2006. Claremont, CA. USA.
  17. Pienaar, H., & van Deventer, M. 2009. "To VRE or not to VRE?: Do South African malaria researchers need a virtual research environment?" ARIADNE, 59. [online]. [cited 2012.7.15]. .
  18. Price, D. J., & Beaver, D. 1966. "Collaboration in an invisible college." American Psychologist, 21(11): 1011-1018. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0024051
  19. Research Information Network and British Library. 2009. Patterns of Information Use and Exchange: Case Studies of Researchers in the Life Sciences. [online]. [cited 2012.7.15]. .
  20. Savolainen, R. 1995. "Everyday life information seeking: Approaching information seeking in the context of 'way of life'." Library & Information Science Research, 17(3): 259-294. https://doi.org/10.1016/0740-8188(95)90048-9
  21. University of Minnesota Libraries. 2006. A Multi-Dimensional Framework for Academic Support: Final Report. [online]. [cited 2012.7.15]. .
  22. Unsworth, J. 2000. "Scholarly primitives: What methods do humanities researchers have in common, and how might our tools reflect this?" Symposium on Humanities Computing: Formal Methods, Experimental Practice, May 13, 2000. London: King's College.

Cited by

  1. Understanding scientific collaboration in the research life cycle: Bio- and nanoscientists' motivations, information-sharing and communication practices, and barriers to collaboration vol.67, pp.8, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23520
  2. Exploratory Study of Applying Historiography and SPLC for Developing Information Services: A Case Study of LED Domain vol.30, pp.3, 2013, https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2013.30.3.273
  3. Comparative Analyses of the Uses of Information and Information Technologies in the Everyday Life of Undergraduate and Graduate Students Majoring Science and Engineering vol.30, pp.2, 2013, https://doi.org/10.3743/KOSIM.2013.30.2.269
  4. Research Publishing by Library and Information Science Scholars in Pakistan: A Bibliometric Analysis vol.4, pp.1, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1633/JISTaP.2016.4.1.1