DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Evaluation of Houttuynia cordata and Taraxacum officinale on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Blood Characteristics, and Fecal Microbial Shedding in Diet for Weaning Pigs

  • Yan, L. ;
  • Zhang, Z.F. ;
  • Park, J.C. ;
  • Kim, I.H.
  • Received : 2012.04.23
  • Accepted : 2012.07.03
  • Published : 2012.10.01

Abstract

A total of 144 pigs ((Landrace${\times}$Yorkshire)${\times}$Duroc)] with an average initial BW of $8.45{\pm}0.57$ kg were used in a 5-wk growth trial. Pigs were randomly allocated to 4 treatments with 9 replications per pen in a randomized complex block design. Dietary treatments included: i) CON (basal diet), ii) ANT (CON+tylosin 1 g/kg), iii) H1 (CON+H. cordata 1 g/kg) and iv) T1 (CON+T. officinale 1 g/kg). In this study, pigs fed the ANT and T1 treatment had a higher (p<0.05) average daily gain (ADG) and gain:feed (G:F) ratio than those fed CON and H1 treatment. Dietary ANT and T1 treatment led to a higher energy digestibility than the CON group. No difference (p>0.05) was observed on the growth performance and apparent total tract digestibility with H1 supplementation compared with the CON treatment. The inclusion of ANT treatment led to a higher (p<0.05) lymphocyte concentration compared with the CON treatment. Dietary supplementation of herbs did not affect (p>0.05) the blood characteristics (white blood cell (WBC), red blood cell (RBC), IgG, lymphocyte). No difference was observed on (p<0.05) fecal microbial shedding (E. coli and lactobacillus) between ANT and CON groups. Treatments H1 and T1 reduced the fecal E. coli concentration compared with the CON treatment, whereas the fecal lactobacillus concentration was not affected by the herb supplementation (p>0.05). In conclusion, the inclusion of T. officinale (1 g/kg) increased growth performance, feed efficiency, energy digestibility similarly to the antibiotic treatment. Dietary supplementation of T. officinale and H. cordata (1 g/kg) reduced the fecal E. coli concentration in weaning pigs.

Keywords

Houttuynia cordata;Taraxacum officinale;Growth;Digestibility;Fecal Microbes;Weaning Pigs

References

  1. AOAC. 2000. Official methods of analysis. 17th ed. Assoc. Off. Analysis Chemistry, Gaithersburg, MD.
  2. Ao, X., L. Yan, T. X. Zhou, J. P. Wang, Q. W. Meng, H. J. Kim, J. H. Cho and I. H. Kim. 2011. Effects of Saururus chinensis extract supplementation on growth performance, meat quality and slurry noxious gas emission in finishing pigs. Livest. Sci. 138:187-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2010.12.029
  3. Chang, J. S., L. C. Chiang, C. C. Chen, L. T. Liu, K. C. Wang and C. C. Lin. 2001. Antileukemic activity of Bidens pilosa L. var. minor (Blume) Sherff and Houttuynia cordata Thunb. Am. J. Chin. Med. 29:303-312. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0192415X01000320
  4. Chiang, L. C., J. S. Chang, C. C. Chen, L. T. Ng and C. C. Lin. 2003. Anti-Herpes simplex virus activity of Bidens pilosa and Houttuynia cordata. Am. J. Chin. Med. 31:355-362. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0192415X03001090
  5. Cho, J. H., Y. J. Chen, B. J. Min, H. J. Kim, O. S. Kwon, K. S. Shon, I. H. Kim, S. J. Kim and A. Asamer. 2006. Effects of essential oils supplementation on growth performance, IgG concentration and fecal noxious gas concentration of weaned pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:80-85.
  6. Hagmuller, W., M. Jugl-Chizzola, K. Zitterl-Eglseer, C. Gabler, J. Spergser, R. Chizzola and C. Franz. 2006. The use of Thymi Herba as feed additive (0.1%, 0.5%, 1.0%) in weanling piglets with assessment of the shedding of haemolysing E. coli and the detection of thymol in the blood plasma. Berl. Munch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr. 119:50-54.
  7. Hagymasi, K., A. Blazovics, J. Feher, A. Lugasi, S. T. Kristo and T. Kery. 2000. The in vitro effect of dandelion antioxidants on microsomal lipid peroxidation. Phytother. Res. 14:43-44. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1573(200002)14:1<43::AID-PTR522>3.0.CO;2-Q
  8. Huang, Y., J. S. Yoo, H. J. Kim, Y. Wang, Y. J. Chen, J. H. Cho and I. H. Kim. 2010. Effects of dietary supplementation with blended essential oils on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profiles and fecal characteristics in weanling pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 23:607-613. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2010.80120
  9. Ho, C., E. J. Choi, G. S. Yoo, K. M. Kim and S. Y. Ryu. 1998. Desacetylmatricarin, an anti-allergic component from Taraxacum platycarpum. Planta Medica 64:577-578. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-957520
  10. Jang, A., X. D. Liu, M. H. Shin, B. D. Lee, S. K. Lee, J. H. Lee and C. Jo. 2008. Antioxidative potential of raw breast meat from broiler chicks fed a dietary medicinal herb extract mix. Poult. Sci. 87:2382-2389. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2007-00506
  11. Jugl-Chizzola, M., J. Spergser, F. Schilcher, J. Novak, A. Bucher, C. Gabler, W. Hagmuller and K. Zitterl-Eglseer. 2005. Effects of Thymus vulgaris L. as feed additive in piglets and against haemolytic E. coli in vitro. Berl. Munch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr. 118:495-501.
  12. Insoft, R. M., I. R. Sanderson and W. A. Walker. 2005. Development of immune function in the intestine and its role in neonatal diseases. Pediatr. Clin. North Am. 43:551-571.
  13. Kim, I. S., J. H. Kim, J. S. Kim, C. Y. Yun, D. H. Kim and J. S. Lee. 2007. The inhibitory effect of Houttuynia cordata extract on stem cell factor-induced HMC-1 cell migration. J. Ethnopharmacol. 112:90-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2007.02.010
  14. Kong, X. F., Y. L. Yin, H. J. Liu, F. G. Yin, T. J. Li, R. L. Huang, P. Kang, F. F. Xing, G. Y. Wu, M. Z. Fan, C. B. Yang and Q. H. He. 2007. Effects of Chinese herbal ultra-fine powder as dietary additive on growth performance, serum metabolites and intestinal health in early-weaned piglets. Livest. Sci. 108:272-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2007.01.079
  15. Michael, L. G. G. 1988. Gastrointestinal absorption of intact proteins. Annu. Rev. Nutr. 8:329-350. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.nu.08.070188.001553
  16. Michael de, V. and P. R. Marteau. 2007. Probiotics and prebiotics: effects on diarrhea. J. Nutr. 137:803S-811S.
  17. Namkung, H., M. Li, J. Gong, H. Yu, M. Cottrill and C. F. M. Lange. 2004. Impact of feeding blends of organic acids and herbal extracts on growth performance, gut microbiota and digestive function in newly weaned pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 84:697-704. https://doi.org/10.4141/A04-005
  18. NRC. 1998. Nutrient requirement of swine. 10th ed. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  19. Si, W., J. Gong, R. Tsao, T. Zhou, H. Yu, C. Poppe, R. Johnson and Z. Du. 2006. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and structurally related synthetic food additives towards selected pathogenic and beneficial gut bacteria. J. Appl. Microbiol. 100: 296-305. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2005.02789.x
  20. Trojanova, I., V. Rada, L. Kokoska and E. Vlkova. 2004. The bifidogenic effect of Taraxacum officinale root. Fitoterapia 75: 760-763. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2004.09.010
  21. Wang, J. P., J. H. Jung and I. H. Kim. 2011. Effect of dietary supplementation with delta-aminolevulinic acid on growth performance, hematological status and immune response of weaning pigs. Livest. Sci. 140:131-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2011.02.017
  22. Wenk, C. 2003. Herbs and botanicals as feed additives in monogastric animals. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:282-289. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2003.282
  23. Williams, C. H., D. J. David and O. Iismaa. 1962. The determination of chromic oxide in faeces samples by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. J. Agric. Sci. 59:381-385. https://doi.org/10.1017/S002185960001546X
  24. Windisch, W., K. Schedle, C. Plitzner and A. Kroismayr. 2008. Use of phytogenic products as feed additives for swine and poultry. J. Anim. Sci. 86:E140-E148.
  25. Yan, L., J. P. Wang, H. J. Kim, Q. W. Meng, X. Ao, S. M. Hong and I. H. Kim. 2010. Influence of essential oil supplementation and diets with different nutrient densities on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics, meat quality and fecal noxious gas content in grower-finisher pigs. Livest. Sci. 128:115-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2009.11.008
  26. Yan, L., Q. W. Meng and I. H. Kim. 2011a. The effect of an herb extract mixture on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics and fecal noxious gas content in growing pigs. Livest. Sci. 141:143-147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2011.05.011
  27. Yan, L., Q. W. Meng and I. H. Kim. 2011b. The effects of dietary Houttuynia cordata and Taraxacum officinale extract powder on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics and meat quality in finishing pigs. Livest. Sci. 141:188-193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2011.05.017
  28. Yan, L., J. H. Lee, Q. W. Meng and I. H. Kim. 2011c. Evaluation of the Anion supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics and fecal noxious gas content in weaning pigs. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 39:36-40. https://doi.org/10.1080/09712119.2011.565568
  29. Yan, L., Q. W. Meng and I. H. Kim. 2012. Effect of an herb extract mixture on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristic, and fecal microbial shedding in weaning pigs. Livest. Sci. 145:189-195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2012.02.001
  30. Yan, L., and I. H. Kim. 2012. Effect of eugenol and cinnamaldehyde on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics, fecal microbial shedding and fecal noxious gas content in growing pigs. 25: 1178-1183. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2012.12111

Cited by

  1. Treatment on Ammonia flux in Duck Litter vol.24, pp.10, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5322/JESI.2015.24.10.1309
  2. extract mixture supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profiles and meat quality in finishing pigs vol.15, pp.3, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1080/1828051X.2016.1202736
  3. Beneficial uses of dandelion herb (Taraxacum officinale) in poultry nutrition vol.73, pp.03, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933917000459
  4. Effect of inulin extracts or inulin-containing plant supplement on blood lipid indices and fatty acid profile in fattener tissues vol.17, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.2478/pjvs-2014-0012
  5. Application of blueberry anthocyanins reduces perfluorooctane sulfonate toxicity on planarians (Dugesia japonica) in locomotion, regeneration, and gene expression and contents vol.25, pp.22, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2127-7

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Dankook University