Determination of Genetic Diversity among Korean Hanwoo Cattle Based on Physical Characteristics

  • Choi, T.J. (Animal Genetics and Breeding Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lee, S.S. (Animal Genetics and Breeding Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Yoon, D.H. (Department of Animal Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kang, H.S. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Kim, C.D. (Animal Genetics and Breeding Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Hwang, I.H. (Department of Animal Science, Chonbuk National Univ.) ;
  • Kim, C.Y. (Hanwoo Improvement Center, National Agricultural Cooperative Federation) ;
  • Jin, X. (College of Agriculture, Yanbian University) ;
  • Yang, C.G. (College of Agriculture, Yanbian University) ;
  • Seo, K.S. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sunchon National University)
  • Received : 2012.03.06
  • Accepted : 2012.04.30
  • Published : 2012.09.01


This study was conducted to establish genetic criteria for phenotypic characteristics of Hanwoo cattle based on allele frequencies and genetic variance analysis using microsatellite markers. Analysis of the genetic diversity among 399 Hanwoo cattle classified according to nose pigmentation and coat color was carried out using 22 microsatellite markers. The results revealed that the INRA035 locus was associated with the highest $F_{is}$ (0.536). Given that the $F_{is}$ value for the Hanwoo INRA035 population ranged from 0.533 (white) to 1.000 (white spotted), this finding was consistent with the loci being fixed in Hanwoo cattle. Expected heterozygosities of the Hanwoo groups classified by coat colors and degree of nose pigmentation ranged from $0.689{\pm}0.023$ (Holstein) to $0.743{\pm}0.021$ (nose pigmentation level of d). Normal Hanwoo and animals with a mixed white coat showed the closest relationship because the lowest $D_A$ value was observed between these groups. However, a pair-wise differentiation test of $F_{st}$ showed no significant difference among the Hanwoo groups classified by coat color and degree of nose pigmentation (p<0.01). Moreover, results of the neighbor-joining tree based on a $D_A$ genetic distance matrix within 399 Hanwoo individuals and principal component analyses confirmed that different groups of cattle with mixed coat color and nose pigmentation formed other specific groups representing Hanwoo genetic and phenotypic characteristics. The results of this study support a relaxation of policies regulating bull selection or animal registration in an effort to minimize financial loss, and could provide basic information that can be used for establishing criteria to classify Hanwoo phenotypes.


Supported by : Rural Development Administration


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