A Study on the Correlation between City's Built Environment and Residents' Health -A Case study of small and medium-sized cities in korea

지역주민들의 건강에 영향을 미치는 도시특성요소 분석 -한국의 중소도시를 대상으로

  • Lee, Kyung-Hwan (Department of Civil & Environment Engineering, Kongju National University)
  • 이경환 (국립 공주대학교 건설환경공학부 도시.교통전공)
  • Received : 2012.04.18
  • Accepted : 2012.07.12
  • Published : 2012.07.31


The purpose of this study is to analyze city's built environment that have influence on residents' health in the 40 small and medium-sized cities. In the study, landuse, urban form and facility accessibility of cities and other socio-demographic variables were used as explanatory variables, and a statistical analysis was carried out by applying multi-level analysis. Analysis shows that a high level of population density lower the obesity, and a high level of landuse-mix have a positive effect on EQ-5D & hypertension. In terms of urban form and facility accessibility, residents show a high level of obesity in an environment where roads are closely connected and access to bus service is bad. Finally, as more access to open space have a positive effect on EQ-5D. Therefore, landuse-mix, access to public transportation and open space should be used for planning factors to make a health improvement plan in cities.


Small and medium-sized cities;Landuse;urban form;Facility accessibility;EQ-5D;obesity;Hypertension;Multi-level analysis


Supported by : 공주대학교


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