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Antimicrobial Effect of Carvacrol against Cariogenic and Periodontopathic Bacteria

치아우식증 및 치주질환 원인균에 대한 Carvacrol의 항균효과

  • Park, Soon-Nang (Department of Oral Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Kyun (Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Lim, Yun-Kyong (Department of Oral Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Kim, Hwa-Sook (Department of Dental Hygiene, Chunnam Techno College) ;
  • Cho, Eu-Gene (Department of Oral Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Jin, Dongchun (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Yanbian University) ;
  • Kim, Saeng-Gon (Department of Human Biology, School of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Kook, Joong-Ki (Department of Oral Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Chosun University)
  • 박순낭 (조선대학교 치과대학 구강생화학교실) ;
  • 이동균 (조선대학교 치과보존학교실) ;
  • 임윤경 (조선대학교 치과대학 구강생화학교실) ;
  • 김화숙 (전남과학대학 치위생과) ;
  • 조유진 (조선대학교 치과대학 구강생화학교실) ;
  • 김동춘 (중국 연변대학교 농학원 동물의학교실) ;
  • 김생곤 (조선대학교 치과대학 인체생물학교실) ;
  • 국중기 (조선대학교 치과대학 구강생화학교실)
  • Received : 2012.02.13
  • Accepted : 2012.03.21
  • Published : 2012.03.31

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of carvacrol against periodontopathic and cariogenic bacteria and its cytotoxicity in human oral tissue cells. We tested their antibacterial properties against mutans streptococci and five major periodontopathic bacterial species involved in periodontal disease. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated by the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). The cell viability of carvacrol on normal human gingival fibroblast (NHGF) cells was tested by metyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay. The data showed that carvacrol had remarkable antimicrobial effect on tested bacteria with a MIC and MBC values ranged from 16 to $128{\mu}g/ml$ and from 32 to $128{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. In cell toxicity studies, carvacrol had significantly decreased cell viability when NHGF cells were treated at $128{\mu}g/ml$. These findings suggest that carvacrol has a strong antimicrobial activity against periodontopathic and cariogenic bacteria. However, in order to use it as a component of gargling solution or toothpaste, its concentration should be below $64{\mu}g/ml$ and other compounds having an antimicrobial activity against periodontopathic and cariogenic bacteria should be used together.

Keywords

antimicrobial effect;carvacrol;mutans streptococci;periodontopathogens

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 보건복지가족부

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