Comparison of Comprehensive Health Status and Health-related Quality of Life between Institutionalized Older Adults and Community Dwelling Older Adults

시설 노인과 재가 노인의 다면적 건강상태와 건강관련 삶의 질 비교

  • 현혜진 (강원대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 장애경 (일리노이대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 유수정 (상지대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 박연환 (서울대학교 간호대학.간호과학연구소)
  • Received : 2011.11.22
  • Accepted : 2012.03.05
  • Published : 2012.03.31

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the factors of health-related quality of life in older adults according to the type of residency. Methods: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted. The subjects were 114 institutionalized older adults and 99 community dwelling older adults. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews by nurses using structured questionnaires composed of SF-36 (ver.2) and CGA-SF. Results: The institutionalized older adults had more health problems and experienced lower quality of life compared to community dwelling older adults. Factors influencing health-related quality of life for institutionalized older adults were social support, educational level, and ADL, which explained about 25.7% of the total variance, while thoseof community dwelling older adults were IADL, experiencing fall, and weight loss, which had explanatory power of 31.8%. Conclusion: These results indicate that differentiated nursing strategies according to the type of residency are required to promote health-related quality of life for older adults.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 상지대학교

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