Analyzing the Characteristics of Open Innovation Activity and the External Collaboration Network in SMEs

중소기업의 개방형 혁신활동 특성과 외부 협력 네트워크 분석

  • Lee, Hee-Yeon (Graduate School of Environmental Sudies, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Se-Won (Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Seoul National University)
  • 이희연 (서울대학교 환경대학원) ;
  • 이세원 (서울대학교 환경대학원 환경계획학과)
  • Received : 2012.05.11
  • Accepted : 2012.05.29
  • Published : 2012.06.30

Abstract

Recently, the theory of open innovation emerges as a new innovation paradigm. This paper aims to examine open innovation activities of SMEs. Many firms tend to search new knowledge from various external sources and to pursue to achieve innovation resources or knowledge of external innovators. Particularly, this paper focus on the process of external knowledge networking and open innovation occurred in the process of technology innovation. The data used in this study were those that had been collected for total 3,400 sample SMEs that had conducted R&D. and in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 SMEs located at Chungbuk-Technopark. Empirical findings can be summarized as follows; SMEs tend to search new knowledge from various external sources and to pursue to achieve innovation resources or knowledge of external innovators, because they have lack of innovation resources. therefore, the conducting of open innovation affected positively the innovation performance of SMEs. In addition, empirical findings also indicated that expanding flexibility of labor market enhances open innovation activities of SMEs.