- Volume 13 Issue 4
DOI QR Code
Exploration of Barriers to Breast-Self Examination among Urban Women in Shah Alam, Malaysia: A Cross Sectional Study
- Al-Dubai, Sami Abdo Radman ;
- Ganasegeran, Kurubaran ;
- Alabsi, Aied M. ;
- Manaf, Mohd Rizal Abdul ;
- Ijaz, Sharea ;
- Kassim, Saba
- Published : 2012.04.30
Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in Malaysia. Barriers for practicing breast self examination (BSE) await exploration. Objective: To assess the practice of BSE and its correlated factors and particularly barriers amongst urban women in Malaysia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 222 Malaysian women using a self-administered questionnaire. Results: The mean (SD) age was 28.5 (
Breast self examination;barriers;urban women;Malaysia
- Abdelrahman S, Yousif M (2006). Self examination of the breast for early detection of breast cancer: the role of medical students in the Faculty of Medicine - University of Gezira-Sudan. Sudanese J Public Health, 1, 36-42.
- Ahmed BA (2010). Awareness and practice of breast cancer and breast-self examination among university students in Yemen. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 101-5.
- Al-Dubai SAR, Qureshi AM, Ali RS, et al (2011). Awareness and knowledge of breast cancer and mammography among a group of Malaysian women in Shah Alam. APJCP, 12, 2531-8.
- Al-Naggar RA, Al-Naggar DH, Bobryshev YV, et al (2011). Practice and barriers toward breast self-examination among young Malaysian women. APJCP, 12, 1173-8.
- Awodele O, Adeyomoye AA, Oreagba IA, et al (2009). Knowledge, attitude and practice of breast cancer screening among nurses in Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos Nigeria. Nig Q J Hosp Med, 19, 114-8.
- Bowling A (2009). Research methods in health : Investigating health and health services. 3rd ed. ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
- Chee H, Rashidah S, Shamsuddin K, et al (2003). Factors related to the practice of breast self examination (BSE) and Pap smear screening among Malaysian women workers in selected electronics factories. BMC Womens Health, 3, 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6874-3-3
- Dundar PE, Ozmen D, Ozturk B, et al (2006). The knowledge and attitudes of breast self-examination and mammography in a group of women in a rural area in western Turkey. BMC Cancer, 6, ?-?. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-6-43
- Dunn RA, Tan AK (2011). Utilization of breast cancer screening methods in a developing nation: results from a nationally representative sample of Malaysian households. Breast J, 17, 399-402. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1524-4741.2011.01098.x
- Ellman R, Moss SM, Coleman D, et al (1993). Breast selfexamination programmes in the trial of early detection of breast cancer: ten year findings. Br J Cancer, 68, 208-12. https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1993.315
- Elmore JG, Armstrong K, Lehman CD, et al (2005). Screening for breast cancer. JAMA, 293, 1245-56. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.293.10.1245
- Fancher TT, Palesty JA, Paszkowiak JJ, et al (2011). Can breast self-examination continue to be touted justifiably as an optional practice? Int J Surg Oncol, (965464), ?-?.
- Galobardes. B, Shaw. M, Lawlor. DA, et al (2006). Indicators of socioeconomic position (part 2). J Epidemiol Community Health, 60, 95-101. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2004.028092
- Jahan S, Al-Saigul AM, Abdelgadir MH (2006). Breast cancer. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of breast self examination among women in Qassim region of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J, 27, 1737-41.
- Jemal A, Bray F, Center MM, et al (2011). Global cancer statistics. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 61, 69-90. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.20107
- Karayurt O, Ozmen D, Cetinkaya AC (2008). Awareness of breast cancer risk factors and practice of breast self examination among high school students in Turkey. BMC Public Health, 8, 359. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-359
- Kayode F, Akande T, Osagbemi G (2005 ). Knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self examination among female secondary school teachers in Ilorin, Nigeria. Eur J Sci Res, 10, 42-7.
- Khokher S, Qureshi W, Mahmood S, et al (2011). Knowledge, Attitude and Preventive Practices of Women for Breast cancer in the Educational Institutions of Lahore, Pakistan. APJCP, 12, 2419-24.
- Kosters JP, Gotzsche PC (2003). Regular self-examination or clinical examination for early detection of breast cancer. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2, CD003373.
- Lam WW, Chan CP, Chan CF, et al (2008). Factors affecting the palpability of breast lesion by self-examination. Singapore Med J, 49, 228-32.
- Lauver DR, Kane J, Bodden J, et al (1999). Engagement in breast cancer screening behaviors. Oncol Nurs Forum, 26, 545-54.
- Leelavathi M, Yasmin SAK, Gomez PA, et al (2006). Breast self examination: To do or not to do? Medicine & Health, 1, 1-4.
- Maurer F (1997). A peer education model for teaching breast self-examination to undergraduate college women. Cancer Nurs, 20, 49-61. https://doi.org/10.1097/00002820-199702000-00007
- Mbanaso A, Adisa AC, Onuoha. C, et al (2005). Status of breastself examination among health professionals of Abia State University Teaching Hospital. J Experimental & Clinical Anatomy, 4, 55-7.
- Mehrnoosh AZ, Hanafiah J, Rosliza AM, et al (2011). Knowledge on breast cancer and practice of breastself examination among selected female university students in Malaysia. Med & Health Sci J, 7, 49-56. https://doi.org/10.15208/mhsj.2011.132
- Miranda PY, Tarraf W, Gonzalez HM (2011). Breast cancer screening and ethnicity in the United States: implications for health disparities research. Breast Cancer Res Treat, 128, 535-42. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-011-1367-8
- Mittra I, Baum M, Thornton H, et al (2000). Is clinical breast examination an acceptable alternative to mammographic screening? BMJ, 321, 1071-3. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.321.7268.1071
- National Cancer Registry (2006). Report of the Malaysian Cancer Registry, Ministry of Health Malaysia.
- Nelson HD, Tyne K, Naik A, et al., (2009). Screening for Breast Cancer: Systematic Evidence Review Update for the US Preventive Services Task Force [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2009 Nov Report No: 10-05142-EF-1, US Preventive Services Task Force Evidence Syntheses, formerly Systematic Evidence Reviews.
- Omolase C (2008). Awareness, knowledge and practice of breast-self examination amongst female health workers in a Nigerian community. Sudan JMS, 3, ?-?.
- Parkin DM, Bray F, Ferlay J, et al (2005). Global cancer statistics, 2002. CA Cancer J Clin, 55, 74-108. https://doi.org/10.3322/canjclin.55.2.74
- Parsa P, Kandiah M (2005). Breast cancer knowledge, perception and breast self examination practices among Iranian women. Int Med J, 4, 17- 24.
- Parsa P, Kandiah M, Mohd Zulkefli NA, et al (2008). Knowledge and behavior regarding breast cancer screening among female teachers in Selangor, Malaysia. APJCP, 9, 221-7.
- Parvani Z (2011). Breast self examination: Breast awareness and practices of systematic review. Professional Med J, 18, 336-9.
- Pisani P, Bray F, Parkin DM (2002). Estimates of the world-wide prevalence of cancer for 25 sites in the adult population. Int J Cancer, 97, 72-81. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.1571
- Rashidi A, Rajaram SS (2000). Middle Eastern Asian Islamic women and breast self-examination. Needs assessment. Cancer Nurs, 23, 64-70. https://doi.org/10.1097/00002820-200002000-00010
- Rasu RS, Rianon NJ, Shahidullah SM, et al (2011). Effect of educational level on knowledge and use of breast cancer screening practices in Bangladeshi women. Health Care Women Int, 32, 177-89. https://doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2010.529213
- Ravichandran K, Al-Hamdan NA, Mohamed G (2011). Knowledge, attitude, and behavior among Saudis toward cancer preventive practice. J Family Community Med, 18, 135-42. https://doi.org/10.4103/2230-8229.90013
- Rosmawati NH (2010). The usage and knowledge of mammography among women in sub-urban area in Terengganu, Malaysia. APJCP, 11, 767-71.
- Secginli S, Nahcivan NO (2006). Factors associated with breast cancer screening behaviours in a sample of Turkish women: A questionnaire survey. Int J Nurs Stud, 43, 161-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2005.02.004
- Sen S, Ozturk M, Kisioglu A (2002). Level of knowledge of female in Isparta of the 25-65 year age group concerning risk factors and symptoms of breast cancer. VIIIth Congress for Public Health, Diyarbakir.
- Sim HL, Seah M, Tan SM (2009). Breast cancer knowledge and screening practices: A survey of 1,000 Asian women. Singapore Med J, 50, 132-8.
- Predictors of Breast Self Examination Practice among North Korean Immigrant Women vol.15, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.15384/kjhp.2015.15.1.9
- Association of Knowledge and Cultural Perceptions of Malaysian Women with Delay in Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Cancer: a Systematic Review vol.16, pp.13, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.13.5349
- Knowledge of Female Undergraduate Students on Breast Cancer and Breast Self-examination in Klang Valley, Malaysia vol.16, pp.15, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.15.6231
- Breast Cancer Screening Barriers from the Womans Perspective: a Meta-synthesis vol.16, pp.8, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.8.3463
- Knowledge, Barriers and Attitudes Towards Breast Cancer Mammography Screening in Jordan vol.16, pp.9, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.9.3981
- Health Beliefs and Breast Self-Examination among Undergraduate Female Students in Public Universities in Klang Valley, Malaysia vol.16, pp.9, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.9.4019
- Barriers to breast self examination practice among Malaysian female students: a cross sectional study vol.4, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-015-1491-8
- Predictors of breast self - examination among female teachers in Ethiopia using health belief model vol.73, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13690-015-0087-7
- HER-2 Positive Breast Cancer - a Mini-Review vol.17, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2016.17.4.1609
- Intention to Receive Breast Cancer Screening and Related Factors of Influence Among Vietnamese Women in Transnational Marriages pp.1682-3141, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1097/jnr.0000000000000210