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The Ecological Health Screening Assessment of Agricultural area using Biomarkers and Bioindicators in Misgurnus Anguillicaudatus (case study)

미꾸리의 생물지표를 이용한 농업지역의 수생태계 건강성 스크리닝 평가(사례연구)

  • Kim, Ja-Hyun (Environmental Toxicology Research Center, Korea Institute of Toxicology) ;
  • Han, Sun-Young (Environmental Toxicology Research Center, Korea Institute of Toxicology) ;
  • Yeom, Dong-Hyuk (Environmental Toxicology Research Center, Korea Institute of Toxicology)
  • 김자현 (안전성평가연구소 환경독성연구센터) ;
  • 한선영 (안전성평가연구소 환경독성연구센터) ;
  • 염동혁 (안전성평가연구소 환경독성연구센터)
  • Received : 2011.12.22
  • Accepted : 2012.02.16
  • Published : 2012.03.31

Abstract

This study evaluated the screening level assessment of ecological health using four biomarkers and four bioindicators of Misgurnus anguillicaudatus as a indicator species in agricultural area of South Korea during May-June 2011. The endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) indicators, such as vitellogenin (VTG) and gonado-somatic index (GSI), were not significantly changed in the agricultural site (p>0.05), indicating no effects. The biomarkers and bioindicators were compared between two sites of reference site (RS) and the agricultural site (AS) for screening assessment of ecological health. The ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, and DNA damage were significantly changed in the AS compared with the RS (p<0.05). But the individual level bioindicators such as condition factor (CF), hepato-somatic index (HSI), and gonado-somatic index (GSI) were not significantly different from reference site (RS). These results may indicate impairments of ecological health by toxic chemicals and environmental conditions. Current this study is based on screening assessment of biochemical and individual level biomarkers and bioindicators, so further study is required additional biomarkers and population or community level bioindicators for more specific health assessments in agricultural areas.

Keywords

EDCs;pesticide;biomarkers;bioindicators;Misgurnus anguillicaudatus

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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