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Bacterial Biocontrol of Sprouts through Ethanol and Organic Acids

새싹채소 오염세균의 에탄올과 유기산에 의한 제어

  • Received : 2012.02.13
  • Accepted : 2012.03.12
  • Published : 2012.03.31

Abstract

Although bacterial outbreaks from ready-to-eat foods such as sprouts have increased, the information on microbial biocontrol by means of sanitizers is limited. Twenty sprouts of red cabbage, baby radish, alfalfa, and broccoli each were collected from the wholesale markets in Seoul. Ethanol and organic acids including acetic acid, citric acid, and lactic acid were used to control the amount of mesophilic bacteria and Bacillus cereus. Sanitizer mixtures of ethanol and organic acids showed a remarkable reduction of viable counts and, in particular, the sanitizer mixture comprised of 20% ethanol and 1% lactic acid seemed to be best by a reduction of 7~8 log CFU/g on the sprouts after a 10 minute exposure. At the same time, the sanitizer comprised of 20% ethanol and 1% lactic acid showed the same reduction for Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, B. cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Enterococcus faecalis, with more effect toward the Gram-negative bacteria. Sensory evaluation by texture, browning, off-flavour, and overall acceptability seemed better just after treatment when compared to one day after treatment with the sanitizer. Therefore, the sanitizers of ethanol-organic acid might be an effective means to control the bacterial contamination of sprouts in palce of sodium hypochloric acid.

Keywords

sprouts;bacteria;ethanol;organic acid;sanitizer

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 가천대학교