Transesterification of Soybean Oil Using KOH/KL Zeolite and Ca/Undaria pinnatifida Char

KOH/KL제올라이트 및 Ca/미역촤를 이용한 대두유의 전이에스테르화 반응

  • Jo, Yong Beom (Graduate School of Energy and Environmental System Engineering, University of Seoul) ;
  • Park, Sung Hoon (Department of Environmental Engineering, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Jeon, Jong-Ki (Department of Chemical Engineering, Kongju National University) ;
  • Park, Young-Kwon (Graduate School of Energy and Environmental System Engineering, University of Seoul)
  • 조용범 (서울시립대학교 에너지환경시스템 공학과) ;
  • 박성훈 (순천대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 전종기 (공주대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 박영권 (서울시립대학교 에너지환경시스템 공학과)
  • Published : 2012.12.10

Abstract

Solid base catalysts for biodiesel production were synthesized by impregnating basic metal species on two support materials with large specific surface area : zeolite and pyrolysis char. KL zeolite and Undaria pinnatifida char were impregnated with KOH aqueous solution and calcium nitrate solution, respectively, to enhance the basic strength. The catalysts synthesized were characterized using Hammett indicators and $CO_2$-TPD analysis. Biodiesel was produced using soybean oil and methanol over the catalysts synthesized. The content of fatty acid methyl esters was measured to evaluate the catalytic activity. Generally, the catalytic activity increased with increasing quantity of basic metal impregnated but impregnation of excessive amount of metal could cause reduction in the activity.

Keywords

biodiesel;char;KL;basicity

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