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Validity and Reliability of a Dish-based, Semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire for Korean Diet and Cancer Research

  • Park, Min-Kyung (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University) ;
  • Noh, Hwa-Young (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University) ;
  • Song, Na-Yeun (Department of Food Service and Nutrition Care, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University) ;
  • Paik, Hee-Young (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University) ;
  • Park, So-Hee (Cancer Biostatistics Branch, Division of Cancer Registration & Surveillance, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Joung, Hyo-Jee (Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University) ;
  • Song, Won-O (Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Seon (Cohort Epidemiology Branch, Research Institute, National Cancer Center)
  • Published : 2012.02.29

Abstract

This study evaluated the validity and reliability of applying a newly developed dish-based, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for Korean diet and cancer research. The subjects in the present study were 288 Korean adults over 30 years of age who had completed two FFQs and four 3-day diet records (DRs) from May 2008 to February 2009. Student's t-tests, Chi-square tests, and Spearman's rank correlation coefficients were used to estimate and compare intakes from different dietary assessment tools. Agreement in quintiles was calculated to validate agreement between the results of the second FFQ (FFQ-2) conducted in February 2009 and the DRs. Median Spearman's correlation coefficients between the intake of nutrients and foods assessed by the FFQ-1 and FFQ-2 were 0.59 and 0.57, respectively, and the coefficients between the intake of nutrients and foods assessed by the FFQ-2 and the DRs were 0.31 and 0.29, respectively. The quintile classifications of same or adjacent quintile for intake of nutrients and foods were 64% and 65%, respectively. Misclassification into opposite quintiles occurred in less than 5% for all dietary factors. Thus this newly-developed, Korean dish-based FFQ demonstrated moderate correspondence with the four 3-day DRs. Its reliability and validity are comparable to those reported in other studies.

Keywords

validity;reliability;cancer;FFQ

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Cancer Center

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