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Evaluating Applicability of Maslach Burnout Inventory among University Hospitals Nurses

말라크 소진 측정도구(Maslach Burnout Inventory)의 적용가능성 평가

  • Kang, Jeong-Hee (Department of Public Health, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Chul-Woung (Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University)
  • 강정희 (충남대학교 보건대학원 대학원) ;
  • 김철웅 (충남대학교 의학전문대학원 예방의학교실)
  • Received : 2011.08.08
  • Accepted : 2012.02.09
  • Published : 2012.02.29

Abstract

Purpose: This Study was to examine to applicability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory on measuring burnout of the nurses who works in Korean university hospitals. Methods: The sample included 200 nurses and nurse managers. We used 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory to evaluate the reported burnout. We evaluated the convergent validity through the factor analysis, and evaluated the discriminant validity through the Pearson's correlation analysis. Also, we evaluated the reliability for three subscales of Maslach Burnout Inventory with the Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, which assesses the internal consistency. Results: Factor analysis revealed three factors being extracted from the 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory, and item loading for each factor is higher than 0.5. Therefore, the Maslach Burnout Inventory demonstrated high convergent validity. Also, emotional exhaustion, personal accomplishment, and depersonalization showed low correlation leading to the conclusion that there was discriminant validity. The Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ coefficients in the 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory and three subscales were higher than 0.7. Conclusion: Maslach Burnout Inventory can be used as a valid instrument to measure the burnout level of the nurses working in Korean university hospitals.

Keywords

Burnout;Validity;Reliability

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 충남대학교

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