Reproductive ecology of the glowbelly, Acropoma japonicum (Perciformes: Acropomatidae) in the coastal waters off Gori, Korea

고리 주변 해역에 출현하는 반딧불게르치 (Acropoma japonicum)의 생식생태

  • Baeck, Gun-Wook (Institute of Marine Industry, College of Marine Science, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Huh, Sun-Hoi (Department of Oceanography, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Park, Joo-Myun (Division of Marine Technology, Chonnam National University)
  • 백근욱 (경상대학교 해양산업연구소) ;
  • 허성회 (부경대학교 해양학과) ;
  • 박주면 (전남대학교 해양기술학부)
  • Received : 2012.01.18
  • Accepted : 2012.04.30
  • Published : 2012.05.31


The reproductive ecology of the glowbelly, $Acropoma$ $japonicum$ was examined using 637 specimens collected monthly from January to December 2006 in the coastal waters off Gori, Korea. The specimens ranged in standard length (cm, SL) from 2.9 to 11.4cm for female, 2.7 to 10.5cm for male. The gonadosomatic index (GSI) of female was highest in September and decreased until December, and the spawning season lasted from August to November. The monthly sex was not different significantly ($x^2$-test, p>0.05). The size at 50% maturity was estimated at 6.0cm SL. $A.$ $japonicum$ was multiple spawner that spawn on more than one occasion in a single spawning season, and the maximum egg diameter was 0.75mm. Fecundity (F) ranged from 12,052 to 104,246 eggs, with the mean of 38,321 eggs. The relationships between fecundity and standard length (cm, SL), body weight (g, BW) were estimated as $F=86.278SL^{2.9652}$ ($R^2$=0.7970) and $F=3036BW^{1.0081}$ ($R^2$=0.7992), respectively.


Glowbelly;Acropoma japonicum;Reproductive ecology;Coastal waters off Gori


  1. Baeck, G.W., C.I. Park, S.H. Huh and J.M. Park, 2010. Reproductive ecology of the cardinalfish Apogon lineatus (Perciformer: Apogonidae) in the coastal waters of Gori, Korea. Kor. J. Ichthyol., 22 (3), 154-161.
  2. Cha, B.Y., B.Q. Hong, H.S. Jo, H.S. Sohn, Y.C. Park, W.S. Yang and O.I. Choi, 1997. Food habit of the Yellow Goosefish, Lophius litulon. J. Kor. Fish. Soc., 30 (1), 95-104.
  3. Cha, H.G., S.K. Kang, T.Y. Oh and J.H. Choi, 2010. Reproductive ecology of the blackthroat seapearch, Doderleinia berycoides (Hilgendorf) in South Sea of Korea waters. J. Kor. Soc. Fish. Tech., 46 (4), 368- 375.
  4. Choo, H.G., 2007. Species composition and feeding ecology of fishes in the coastal waters off Kori, Korea. Ph.D. Thesis, Pukyong National. University, Korea. pp. 126.
  5. De Vlaming, V.L., G. Grossman and F. Chapman, 1982. On the use of the gonadosomatic index. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 73A, 31 - 39.
  6. Diana, J.S. and W.C., Mackay, 1979. Timing and magnitude of energy deposition and loss in the body, liver and gonads of northern pike (Esox lucius). J. Fish. Res. Board Can., 36 (5), 481-487.
  7. Encina, L. and C. Granado-Lorencio, 1997. Seasonal variations in the physiological status and energy content of somatic and reproductive tissues of chub. J. Fish. Biol., 50 (3), 511-522.
  8. Fumio, M., 1960. Fishery biology of the yellowtail, Seriola quinqueradiata, (T. & S.), inhabiting in the waters surrounding Japan. Mem. Fac. Agr. Kinki Univ., 1, pp. 300.
  9. Heemstra, P.C., 1986 Acropomatidae. In Smith, M.M. and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths'sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. pp. 561-563.
  10. Huh, S.H., H.S. Oh, J.M. Park and G.W. Baeck, 2011. Feeding habits of the blackthroat seapearch Deoderleinia berycoides in the Southern Sea of Korea. Kor. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 44 (4), 284-289.
  11. Huh, S.H., J.M, Park and G.W. Baeck, 2007. Feeding habits of bluefin searobin (Chelidonichthys spinosus) in the coastal waters off Busan. Kor. J. Ichthyol. 19 (1), 51-56.
  12. Huh, S.H., J.M. Park, G.M. Nam, S.C. Park, C.I. Park and G.W. Baeck, 2008. Feeding habits of Scorpaena neglecta in the Coastal Waters off Busan. Kor. J. Ichthyol., 20 (2), 117-122.
  13. Jo, C.O., 2001. Change in species composition of the fishes collected in the coastal waters off Kori. MS Thesis, Pukyong National. University, Korea. pp. 78.
  14. Kim, D.J., 1998. Seasonal variation of species composition of demersal fish off Kori. MS. Thesis, Pukyong National. University, Korea. pp. 78.
  15. Kim, I.S., Y. Choi, C.Y. Lee, Y.J. Lee, B.J. Kim and J.H. Kim, 2005. Illustrated Book of Korea Fishes. Kyohak Publ., Seoul, pp. 615.
  16. King, M.G., 2007. Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management: 2nd ed. Blackwell Publ., Oxford, pp. 382.
  17. Kojima, K., 1976. Age and growth of the black-throat seaperch, Doderleinia berycoides (Hilgendorf), in the south-western Japan Sea. Bull. Seikai Reg. Fish. Res. Lab., 48, 93-111.
  18. Kovacic, M. 2007. Reproductive biology of the striped goby, Gobius vittatus (Gobiidae) in the northern Adriatic Sea. Scientia Marina, 71 (1), 145-151.
  19. Kume, G., A. Yamaguchi, I. Aoki and T. Taniuchi, 2000. Reproductive biology of the cardnalfish Apogon lineatus in Tokyo Bay, Japan. Fish. Sci., 66 (5), 947 -954.
  20. Lee, C-F., K-M. Liu, W-C. Su and C-C. Wu, 2005. Reproductive biology of the common ponyfish Leiognathus equulus in the south-western waters off Taiwan. Fish. Sci., 71 (3), 551-562.
  21. Liu, K-M., K-Y. Hung and C-T. Chen, 2001. Reproductive biology of the big eye Priacanthus macracanthus in the north-eastern waters off Taiwan. Fish. Sci., 67 (6), 1008-1014.
  22. Nagahama, Y., 1983. The functional morphology of teleost gonads. In: Hoar WS, Randall DJ, Donaldson EM (eds). Fish Physiology. Vol. IX: Reproduction. Academic Press, New York, pp. 223-275.
  23. NFRDI, 2004. Commercial Fishes of the Coastal and Offshores Waters in Korea. Natl. Fish. Res. Dept. Ins., pp. 333.
  24. Okuda, N., H. Hamaoka and K. Omori, 2005. Life history and ecology of the glowbelly Acropoma japonicum in the Uwa Sea, Japan. Fish. Sci., 71 (5), 1042-1048.
  25. Park, B.H., 1970. Study on the distribution, migration and growth of sea bass, Doderieinia berycoides (H), in Korean Waters. MS. Thesis, Pukyong National. University, Korea. pp. 39.
  26. Rajasilta, M., 1992. Relationship between food, fat, sexual maturation and spawning time of Baltic herring (Clupea harengus membras) in the Archipielago Sea, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 49 (4), 644-654.
  27. Tuuli, C.D., Y. Sadovy de Mitcheson and M. Liu, 2011. Reproductive biology of the greyfin croaker Pennahia anea in the northern South China Sea. Ichthyol. Res., 58 (4), 302-309.
  28. Wang, S.B. and S.T. Chen, 1995. Reproductive biology of Japanese butterfish Psenopsis anomala (Stromateidae) from coastal waters of notheastern Taiwan. Fish. Res., 23 (1-2), 127-141.
  29. Wilk, S.J., W.W. Morse and L.L. Stehlik, 1990. Annual cycles of gonadsomatic indices as indicators of spawning activity for selected species of finfish collected from the New York Bight. Fish. Bull., 88 (4), 775-786.
  30. Wotton, R.J., 1990. Ecology of Teleost Fishes. Champman Hall, New York, pp. 404.
  31. Wu, C-C., W-C. Su and T. Kawasaki. 2001. Reproductive biology of the dolphin fish Corphaena hippurus on the east coast of Taiwan. Fish. Res., 67 (5), 784-793.