Intention to Disclose Personal Information in LBS : Based on Privacy Calculus Perspective

스마트폰 위치기반서비스에서 정보제공의도 : 프라이버시 계산 관점을 중심으로

  • 김종기 (부산대학교 경영대학 경영학과) ;
  • 김상희 (부산대학교 경영대학 경영학과)
  • Received : 2012.06.28
  • Accepted : 2012.12.02
  • Published : 2012.12.31


LBS(Location-Based Service) is one of the smartphone application services which has been receiving great attention recently. Various applications of smartphone use LBS to provide innovative services. However, use of LBS raises privacy concerns because the location information of users is constantly exposed. Privacy calculus perspective attempts to understand the characteristics of the user's privacy. It is based on the risk-benefit analysis in the economics' perspective. That is, when the benefit expected through personal information disclosure is higher than risk, we are willing to provide personal information. This research suggested a research model based on the privacy calculus perspective to clarify the effect of information disclosure intention of smartphone LBS application users. Based on the main factors of privacy calculus, perception of privacy risk and privacy benefit, the relationship of the perceived value and the information disclosure intention was empirically analyzed by utilizing structural equation modeling(SEM) methodology. According to the results of the empirical analysis, it was found that all relations have statistically significant explanatory power except the relation between privacy concern and information disclosure intention. This study showed a strong evidence of antecedent factors based on privacy calculus of personal information disclosure in smartphone LBS applications.


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