DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The effect of a nutritional education program on the nutritional status of elderly patients in a long-term care hospital in Jeollanamdo province: health behavior, dietary behavior, nutrition risk level and nutrient intake

  • Kim, Bok-Hee ;
  • Kim, Mi-Ju ;
  • Lee, Yoon-Na
  • Received : 2011.07.25
  • Accepted : 2012.01.19
  • Published : 2012.02.29

Abstract

This study was conducted to assess improvements in nutritional status following the application of nutrition education to elderly patients in a long-term care hospital. The study was carried out from January to May 2009, during which a preliminary survey, a pretest, the application of nutrition education, and a post-test were applied in stages. The number of subjects at pretest was 81, and the number of participants included in the final analysis was 61 (18 men, 43 women), all of whom participated in both the nutrition education program and the post-test. The survey consisted of general demographic items, health behaviors, dietary behaviors, the Nutrition Screening Initiative checklist, and nutrient intake assessment (24 hour recall method). The nutrition education program lasted for four weeks. It included a basic education program, provided once a week, and mini-education program, which was offered daily during lunch times. The survey was conducted before and after the education program using the same assessment method, although some items were included only at pretest. When analyzing the changes in elderly patients after the nutritional education program, we found that, among subjective dietary behaviors, self-rated perceptions of health (P<0.001) and of depression (P<0.001) improved significantly and that dietary behavior scores also improved significantly (P<0.001), while nutritional risk levels decreased. In terms of nutrient intake, subjects' intake of energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin C all increased significantly (P<0.001). These results indicated that nutritional education is effective in improving the nutritional status of elderly patients. We hope that the results of this study can be used as preliminary data for establishing guidelines for nutrition management tailored to elderly patients in long-term care hospitals.

Keywords

Long-term care hospital for the elderly;nutritional education program;health behavior;dietary behavior;nutrient intake

References

  1. Posner BM, Jette AM, Smith KW, Miller DR. Nutrition and health risks in the elderly: the nutrition screening initiative. Am J Public Health 1993;83:972-8. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.83.7.972
  2. The Korean Nutrition Society. Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans. 2005.
  3. Lee YA, Kim KN, Chang N. The effect of nutrition education on weight control and diet quality in middle-aged women. Korean J Nutr 2008;41:54-64.
  4. Kim KW. Issues and directions in developing nutrition education for older adults in Korea. J Community Nutr 2000;2:71-84.
  5. Yim KS, Lee TY. Sociodemographic factors associated with nutrients intake of elderly in Korea. Korean J Nutr 2004;37: 210-22.
  6. Park JK, Son SM. The dietary behaviors, depression rates and nutrient intakes of the elderly females living alone. Korean J Community Nutr 2003;8:716-25.
  7. Kim HY, Kim MH, Hong SG, Hwang SJ, Park MH. A study on the nutrient intake, health risk factors, blood health status in elderly Korean women living alone. Korean J Community Nutr 2005;10:216-23.
  8. Kim EM, Song YJ, Kim HS. Evaluation of eating habit and dietary intake by family type of seniors utilizing social welfare center in Seoul. Korean J Nutr 2007;40:753-61.
  9. Yang EJ, Bang HM. Nutritional status and health risks of low income elderly women in Gwangju area. Korean J Nutr 2008;41: 65-76.
  10. Ro HK, Oh KA. Gender and age differences in the nutritional status of the low income elderly living in Gwangju. Korean J Community Nutr 2003;8:302-10.
  11. Kwon SO, Oh SY. Associations of household food insecurity with socioeconomic measures, health status and nutrient intake in low income elderly. Korean J Nutr 2007;40:762-8.
  12. Yoon H, Kwoun J, Lee S. Nutritional status and energy expenditure in the elderly in a rural community. Korean J Community Nutr 2002;7:336-44.
  13. Kwak KS, Bae YJ, Kim MH. Nutritional status and dietary quality in the low-income elderly residing at home or in health care facilities. J Korean Diet Assoc 2008;14:337-50.
  14. Son SM, Park JK, Lee HS. Depression and dietary factors related to hyperlipidemia in urban living elderly female from low income group. Korean J Community Nutr 2003;8:938-50.
  15. Yim KS. Health-related behavioral factors associated with nutritional risks in Korean aged 50 years and over. Korean J Community Nutr 2007;12:592-605.
  16. Statistics Korea. Social Indicators of Korea 2010 (the press release). Daejeon: Statistics Korea; 2011. p.5-7.
  17. Ministry of Health and Welfare, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2009 National Health Statistics, Korea National Health & Nutrition Survey, the 4th stage, 3rd year. 2009. p.155-8, 448.
  18. Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs. National Nutrition Policy: Its Development Strategies for an Aging Korea). 2007. p.83-91.
  19. Duk SW. A study on research trends and development process of health policy for the elderly. J Korean Gerontol Soc 2008; 28:773-84.
  20. Lee YS, Moon SK. A study on the affecting factors to utilization of long term care hospitals according to the elderly long term care insurance system in Korea. Korean J Hosp Manage 2010; 15:49-69.
  21. Yoon HJ, Lee SK. Effect of home-visit nutrition education for the elderly with high fasting blood glucose levels. Korean J Community Nutr 2006;11:346-60.
  22. Yim KS. The effects of a nutrition education program for hypertensive female elderly at the public health center. Korean J Community Nutr 2008;13:640-52.
  23. Kang HJ, Shin EM, Kim KW. Evaluation of nutrition education for diabetes mellitus management of older adults. Korean J Community Nutr 2009;14:734-45.
  24. Park PS, Chun BY, Jeong GB, Huh CH, Joo SJ, Park MY. The effect of follow-up nutrition intervention programs applied aged group of high risk undernutrition in rural area (I). Korean J Food Cult 2007;22:127-39.
  25. Choi Y, Kim C, Park YS. The effect of nutrition education program in physical health, nutritional status and health-related quality of life of the elderly in Seoul. Korean J Nutr 2007;40: 270-80.
  26. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Ways to Enhance Preventive Functions of Long-Term Care Insurance System for the Elderly-Centered on Nutrition Management. 2011. p.102-9.
  27. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Revision of Dietary Guidelines for Koreans (2002: with Action Guides for Adults and the Elderly). 2002. p.191-8.

Cited by

  1. Nutrition in the Elderly. Frequently Asked Questions vol.108, pp.8, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1038/ajg.2013.125
  2. Micronutrient Needs of the Elderly vol.29, pp.4, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1177/0884533614537684
  3. Assessment of mineral intake in the diets of Polish postmenopausal women in relation to their BMI—the RAC-OST-POL study vol.35, pp.1, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1186/s41043-016-0061-1
  4. Self-Reported Health Status and Malnutrition Risk in Home-Dwelling Korean Older Adult Women vol.10, pp.02, 2017, https://doi.org/10.3928/19404921-20170125-01
  5. Effects of an individualised nutritional education and support programme on dietary habits, nutritional knowledge and nutritional status of older adults living alone pp.09621067, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14068
  6. Multifaceted interventions to reduce acute exacerbations in elderly asthmatics vol.8, pp.1, 2018, https://doi.org/10.5415/apallergy.2018.8.e1