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Femoral Neuropathy due to Iliacus Muscle Hematoma in a Patient on Warfarin Therapy

  • Kong, Woo-Keun (Department of Neurosurgery, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine) ;
  • Cho, Keun-Tae (Department of Neurosurgery, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine) ;
  • Lee, Ho-Jun (Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine) ;
  • Choi, Jae-Sung (Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Boramae Hospital)
  • Received : 2011.05.20
  • Accepted : 2012.01.11
  • Published : 2012.01.28

Abstract

Spontaneous hematomas of the iliacus muscle are rare lesions and these are seen in individuals receiving anticoagulation therapy or patients with blood dyscrasias such as hemophilia. It can cause femoral neuropathy and resultant pain and paralysis. Although there is no clear consensus for the treatment of femoral neuropathy from iliacus muscle hematomas, delays in the surgical evacuation of hematoma for decompression of the femoral nerve can lead to a prolonged or permanent disability. We report here on a rare case of a spontaneous iliacus muscle hematoma that caused femoral neuropathy in a patient who was taking warfarin for occlusive vascular disease and we discuss the treatment.

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